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Bulk scale

05, May 2023

Bulk scale

This project is considered one of the national projects that the Egyptian state has given special attention to and has allocated private funding and all kinds of support for its modernization and development and the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale. Given the importance of wheat as a major food commodity and the strategic cash crop, the state has established scales for modern Bulk scale in all governorates of the Republic to store and preserve wheat on one level. Storage technology systems in working and modern system application in their management.


The National Bulk scale project is one of the state's plans to preserve food and secure its strategic stock. It included the construction of about 50 Bulk scale, with an estimated storage capacity of 1.5 million tons. distributed over 17 governorates.
The National Bulk scale project includes 50 Bulk scale for storing wheat and grain, to be implemented and established in 17 governorates, with a storage capacity of 1.5 million tons, namely: Bargash in Giza, Mit Ghamr and Sherbin in Dakahlia and Qantara east of North Sinai, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Hehya in Sharkia, Damanhour in Beheira and Sabahiya. In Alexandria, Qena, East Owainat, New Valley, Banha, Qalyubia, Beni Suef, Fayoum, Bahnasa, and Sheikh Fadl.
Egypt now includes 70 Bulk scale at the level of the governorates of the Republic, and they are designed with the latest technology and techniques in the world.
It is expected that the storage capacity in the Bulk scale will increase in 2022 and reach approximately 3.6 million tons as well, with the expansion of the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale, and the wheat stock is now sufficient for more than 4 months and with the receipt of local wheat from farmers as of mid-April each year. The strategic reserve of wheat allocated for subsidized bread production will be increased until November 2022, or the end of the year.
In the context of encouraging farmers to expand wheat cultivation, local wheat for the 2022 season has been received and stored, and the wheat supplied for the 2022 season will be optional for the General Authority for Supply Commodities, provided that the supply season starts from 4-15-2022 until 7-15 -2022, provided that the imported grains are free from insect infestations, sand and gravel, and with a cleanliness of not less than 22.5 carats.

The strategy for doing this project

The number of Bulk scale in Egypt was few, and it was not sufficient for storage, and it was stored in unsecured shrines, and the waste rate reached 15%, meaning that if the state stored 9 million tons, the waste would reach one million tons, and this equals 4.5 billion pounds at the current price. for wheat.


The storage capacity in 2014 was approximately 1.2 million tons of storage, and our monthly consumption of ration wheat was 800 thousand tons of wheat, meaning that the strategic reserve of wheat, which could be stored in the scales of Bulk scale for a period of one month and a week, and the rest of the wheat quantities were stored in Shawn, as well as developed shoun and hangers, in order to maintain the quality of Egyptian wheat.


The implementation of the project began in 2015 on an area of about 20,000 square meters per silo. Using one of the most important technologies, which is represented in placing a truck scale to weigh the wheat sacks loaded in cars, and it is operated through the control room that enables the new system to extract the required quantities of wheat without waste.


In the middle of April of each year, the wheat harvest season begins after it regained its throne and occupied the list of economic and strategic crops in the country. and achieve self-sufficiency from it.


He pointed out that the construction of 6 new silo scales is nearing completion, and work is scheduled to start in the next wheat harvest season, at a cost of 68 million pounds per silo with a capacity of 60,000 tons, while the cost of a silo that can accommodate 90,000 tons is 300 million pounds.


The storage period of wheat in Bulk scale is up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the storage period of wheat in Bulk scale up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the degree of humidity and temperature according to the automated systems used inside the silo.
  The storage capacities have now reached approximately 3.4 million tons of storage capacity, i.e. we are currently storing about 4 and a half months of storage inside the Bulk scale, and the strategic reserve of wheat has now reached 5 months in the Bulk scale, as well as storage in the scales for the Bulk scale of the mills, and what has been achieved in this The field is an objective shift in the Bulk scale, whether in Bulk scale, ports or other Bulk scale.


The total production of domestic wheat reached 9 million tons, and Egypt consumes approximately 16 million tons per year, i.e. we have reached 55% self-sufficiency in wheat, and approximately 45% is imported from abroad through the public and private sectors, approximately 7 million tons. Wheat imported from abroad.


Silo definition

A grain silo is a place for its storage, and it is more developed than a barn, which is only a temporary store for it. A silo is a building equipped to store, load, and unload grain before selling or using it. Bulk scale are usually found in farms, mills, railway stations, and ports, and grains such as barley and wheat are stored in them, as they are the most important Types of granaries in modern times.


Each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – truck scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction and separation system The air is filtered and stored in FS buffers

 


3- It needs a number of hoppers to transport, lift and unload wheat or stored materials. This number is one ground hopper, and it is in the middle of the silo and passes through the bottom of the cement base. The base of the silo is inclined to the starting point of this hopper, and another hopper to transport the wheat from the ground from a cement pool. The grain is also unloaded into it, then another hopper is taken from it to raise the grain to the top of the silo to empty it inside the silo, and it is at the highest point inside the silo, and another hopper is in front of the silo and in the same pond, in order to load the wheat or the stored materials after unloading them directly from the silo to the openings ventilation.


its uses

1- It works to store the product inside it.
2- Equipped with an air crystal and suctions to remove moisture so that fungus does not grow in it, which leads to rotting of raw materials.
3- Equipped with sensors to monitor the raw materials and also know the storage capacity.
4- The Bulk scale are hermetically sealed.
5- There are different production capacities starting from 30 tons.


  Automation of Bulk scale

Most projects and institutions are moving towards digital transformation, with its great importance in changing transactions, saving wasted time, the amount of lost and damaged, and the governance of its system. The same thing is now possible in the scales of Egyptian Bulk scale.
The digital transformation and the system of mechanization of Bulk scale will have a vital role in governing the wheat system and controlling its rhythm, and it will clearly determine the volume of incoming, outgoing and outgoing without the intervention of the human element subject to error, which makes the existing information in the future more accurate and compact.
The digital system, to be implemented, will include the entire storage process, starting from entering the cars loaded with wheat until the completion of the unloading process, through sorting and weighing, with follow-up from those in charge of the electronic control room from the holding company’s headquarters.


Tamper prevention

Work is in full swing towards the digital transformation that the company is implementing in about 22 Bulk scale, revealing that the next season will witness the transformation of 72 Bulk scale of the digital system, which will control and control the supply and storage process in a way that will not allow any manipulation or waste in the near future.
Egypt is a leader in storing grain and protecting it from spoilage in ways that were not known to the world for nearly 7,000 years. Rather, it came to the way the scales work for the Bulk scale themselves with great care, enabling them to protect the grain from moisture and spoilage factors. It was even called the "Grand Shelter of the World".
The Bulk scale were built with domes of clay, and the ancient Egyptians established the smallest shoun in each city to provide the required grain within its scope. Storage places for grain were also found in the temples, and Egypt enjoyed a great position as the basket of the world’s grain that everyone intended for.


The national scale project for grain Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. In Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya, and Mafalaseh in Aswan. It is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.
Within the framework of the Saudi loan projects, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Arab Al-Aleqat silo in Qalyubia with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, and the Fayed silo in Ismailia with a storage capacity Storage of 30,000 tons, the silo of Sidi Ghazi in Kafr El-Sheikh, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and the silo of San Al-Hajar in Sharkia, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


Burj Al Arab silo works:

  It included design, construction, civil works, manufacturing, supply, installation, start-up trials, spare parts and start-up for a number of Mawazine complex for complete metal Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons in a turnkey system. The project consists of (18 Bulk scale - two security rooms - a water tank - a pump room - an electric room - a store - Spare parts building - administrative building - mosque - workshop - weighing scales for loading Bulk scale - scale - click).


Works of scales for bathroom Bulk scale:

It included the establishment of 9 conical storage cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 45 thousand tons, in the city of Hammam, Marsa Matrouh Governorate. Administrative - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pumps room - electric building - workshop building - spare parts building - storage building - truck scale control room - machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - fence and guard towers - storage area Storage area 1750 m2 ).


Works of scales for the morning Bulk scale:

It includes the construction of 12 metal cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 60,000 tons, including: (cranes tower - main tunnels - delivery point - truck scale - scales for loading Bulk scale - scales for dust Bulk scale - administrative building - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pump room - Electricity building - Workshop building - Spare parts building - Storage building - Truck scale control room - Machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - Fence and guard towers).


Stages of project implementation


The first stage


A presidential decree was issued to establish 50 metal Bulk scale inside Egypt, to be implemented in several stages, each with a capacity of 30,000 tons, to store local wheat. Through contacting the donors by providing soft loans to finance the foreign component of these projects and at appropriate times to comply with the implementation timetables, where framework agreements were signed with both the Danish Aid Authority (Al-Dunida) - the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund to finance the first phase of the national project for Bulk scale.

 

Precedence for the Arab Contractors


The Arab Contractors Company took the lead in establishing scales for metal Bulk scale for the account of the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. wheat in Egypt.


Implementation of 15 Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. Damanhour in Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya and Mafalsa in Aswan, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. It follows the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.


Storage capacity of 90 thousand tons


As for the Saudi loan projects, which were funded by the OPEC loan and the Saudi Bank, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90 thousand tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, and the Arab silo Al-Aleqat in Qalyubia has a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, Fayed silo in Ismailia has a storage capacity of 30,000 tons, Sidi Ghazi silo in Kafr El-Sheikh has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and San Al-Hajar silo in Sharkia has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


The latest storage systems


It is noteworthy that each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction system It is separated from the air by a filter and stored in special warehouses in order to preserve the environment.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
The scales for the modern Bulk scale also succeeded in receiving large quantities of wheat from the Mostaqbal Egypt agricultural project, which achieved high productivity this season. He explained that the project plan takes into account the selection of a safe transportation system through the Railway Authority in coordination with the Ministry of Transport.
- The Egyptian government is studying the circulation of one of the special experiences regarding scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by one of the private projects, which is the first project for scales for plastic Bulk scale that is being established in Beni Suef Governorate to store the wheat crop. Of the 3 storage lines, they were implemented according to the highest standards in force in many countries of the world, as they were imported from Australia, one of the most important leading countries in the storage sector.
- This type of scale for Bulk scale does not depend on any human intervention to prevent any contamination of the grain during its storage, and it is based on self-treatment of the grain so that it does not need insect-resistant materials with an automatic system that maintains the quality and purity of the imported and local grain at the same time, as the countries of Ukraine Russia, Argentina and Brazil are among the largest countries that have achieved a breakthrough in this field, and this type of Bulk scale reduces shipping and transportation costs from crops to storage places, and the cost of a ton of scales for plastic Bulk scale does not exceed 100 pounds, while the cost of scales for regular Bulk scale reaches 190 pounds.


The importance of the "National Project for Bulk scale" in light of the Ukrainian crisis

- The war between Russia and Ukraine 2022, and the possibility of Russia and Ukraine leaving the grain export market, sparked widespread controversy over the issue of importing wheat for Egypt, and President Sisi’s urgent directives came to the government to give farmers additional incentives to expand wheat production, in addition to the government’s plan to increase the areas cultivated with this crop. All of this supports Egypt's strategy to secure wheat production.
The Egyptian state has also taken many measures to secure the strategic reserve of the wheat crop, as the state had a forward-looking vision, especially since the strategic reserve of wheat was not sufficient for 12 days in 2017, but now the reserve of wheat has reached the needs of 103 million citizens to four months until Now, knowing that it will reach nine months after harvesting the wheat crop in June 2022, and this is due to the country’s efforts in long-term planning to provide the largest amount of strategic stocks of wheat as one of the strategic crops, as it is the main source for the bread industry, which is the basic food for the vast majority of people. The Egyptians, the idea of expanding the establishment of Bulk scale came in 2015.

This project is considered one of the national projects that the Egyptian state has given special attention to and has allocated private funding and all kinds of support for its modernization and development and the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale. Given the importance of wheat as a major food commodity and the strategic cash crop, the state has established scales for modern Bulk scale in all governorates of the Republic to store and preserve wheat on one level. Storage technology systems in working and modern system application in their management.


The National Bulk scale project is one of the state's plans to preserve food and secure its strategic stock. It included the construction of about 50 Bulk scale, with an estimated storage capacity of 1.5 million tons. distributed over 17 governorates.
The National Bulk scale project includes 50 Bulk scale for storing wheat and grain, to be implemented and established in 17 governorates, with a storage capacity of 1.5 million tons, namely: Bargash in Giza, Mit Ghamr and Sherbin in Dakahlia and Qantara east of North Sinai, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Hehya in Sharkia, Damanhour in Beheira and Sabahiya. In Alexandria, Qena, East Owainat, New Valley, Banha, Qalyubia, Beni Suef, Fayoum, Bahnasa, and Sheikh Fadl.
Egypt now includes 70 Bulk scale at the level of the governorates of the Republic, and they are designed with the latest technology and techniques in the world.
It is expected that the storage capacity in the Bulk scale will increase in 2022 and reach approximately 3.6 million tons as well, with the expansion of the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale, and the wheat stock is now sufficient for more than 4 months and with the receipt of local wheat from farmers as of mid-April each year. The strategic reserve of wheat allocated for subsidized bread production will be increased until November 2022, or the end of the year.
In the context of encouraging farmers to expand wheat cultivation, local wheat for the 2022 season has been received and stored, and the wheat supplied for the 2022 season will be optional for the General Authority for Supply Commodities, provided that the supply season starts from 4-15-2022 until 7-15 -2022, provided that the imported grains are free from insect infestations, sand and gravel, and with a cleanliness of not less than 22.5 carats.

The strategy for doing this project

The number of Bulk scale in Egypt was few, and it was not sufficient for storage, and it was stored in unsecured shrines, and the waste rate reached 15%, meaning that if the state stored 9 million tons, the waste would reach one million tons, and this equals 4.5 billion pounds at the current price. for wheat.


The storage capacity in 2014 was approximately 1.2 million tons of storage, and our monthly consumption of ration wheat was 800 thousand tons of wheat, meaning that the strategic reserve of wheat, which could be stored in the scales of Bulk scale for a period of one month and a week, and the rest of the wheat quantities were stored in Shawn, as well as developed shoun and hangers, in order to maintain the quality of Egyptian wheat.


The implementation of the project began in 2015 on an area of about 20,000 square meters per silo. Using one of the most important technologies, which is represented in placing a truck scale to weigh the wheat sacks loaded in cars, and it is operated through the control room that enables the new system to extract the required quantities of wheat without waste.


In the middle of April of each year, the wheat harvest season begins after it regained its throne and occupied the list of economic and strategic crops in the country. and achieve self-sufficiency from it.


He pointed out that the construction of 6 new silo scales is nearing completion, and work is scheduled to start in the next wheat harvest season, at a cost of 68 million pounds per silo with a capacity of 60,000 tons, while the cost of a silo that can accommodate 90,000 tons is 300 million pounds.


The storage period of wheat in Bulk scale is up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the storage period of wheat in Bulk scale up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the degree of humidity and temperature according to the automated systems used inside the silo.
  The storage capacities have now reached approximately 3.4 million tons of storage capacity, i.e. we are currently storing about 4 and a half months of storage inside the Bulk scale, and the strategic reserve of wheat has now reached 5 months in the Bulk scale, as well as storage in the scales for the Bulk scale of the mills, and what has been achieved in this The field is an objective shift in the Bulk scale, whether in Bulk scale, ports or other Bulk scale.


The total production of domestic wheat reached 9 million tons, and Egypt consumes approximately 16 million tons per year, i.e. we have reached 55% self-sufficiency in wheat, and approximately 45% is imported from abroad through the public and private sectors, approximately 7 million tons. Wheat imported from abroad.


Silo definition

A grain silo is a place for its storage, and it is more developed than a barn, which is only a temporary store for it. A silo is a building equipped to store, load, and unload grain before selling or using it. Bulk scale are usually found in farms, mills, railway stations, and ports, and grains such as barley and wheat are stored in them, as they are the most important Types of granaries in modern times.


Each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – truck scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction and separation system The air is filtered and stored in FS buffers

 


3- It needs a number of hoppers to transport, lift and unload wheat or stored materials. This number is one ground hopper, and it is in the middle of the silo and passes through the bottom of the cement base. The base of the silo is inclined to the starting point of this hopper, and another hopper to transport the wheat from the ground from a cement pool. The grain is also unloaded into it, then another hopper is taken from it to raise the grain to the top of the silo to empty it inside the silo, and it is at the highest point inside the silo, and another hopper is in front of the silo and in the same pond, in order to load the wheat or the stored materials after unloading them directly from the silo to the openings ventilation.


its uses

1- It works to store the product inside it.
2- Equipped with an air crystal and suctions to remove moisture so that fungus does not grow in it, which leads to rotting of raw materials.
3- Equipped with sensors to monitor the raw materials and also know the storage capacity.
4- The Bulk scale are hermetically sealed.
5- There are different production capacities starting from 30 tons.


  Automation of Bulk scale

Most projects and institutions are moving towards digital transformation, with its great importance in changing transactions, saving wasted time, the amount of lost and damaged, and the governance of its system. The same thing is now possible in the scales of Egyptian Bulk scale.
The digital transformation and the system of mechanization of Bulk scale will have a vital role in governing the wheat system and controlling its rhythm, and it will clearly determine the volume of incoming, outgoing and outgoing without the intervention of the human element subject to error, which makes the existing information in the future more accurate and compact.
The digital system, to be implemented, will include the entire storage process, starting from entering the cars loaded with wheat until the completion of the unloading process, through sorting and weighing, with follow-up from those in charge of the electronic control room from the holding company’s headquarters.


Tamper prevention

Work is in full swing towards the digital transformation that the company is implementing in about 22 Bulk scale, revealing that the next season will witness the transformation of 72 Bulk scale of the digital system, which will control and control the supply and storage process in a way that will not allow any manipulation or waste in the near future.
Egypt is a leader in storing grain and protecting it from spoilage in ways that were not known to the world for nearly 7,000 years. Rather, it came to the way the scales work for the Bulk scale themselves with great care, enabling them to protect the grain from moisture and spoilage factors. It was even called the "Grand Shelter of the World".
The Bulk scale were built with domes of clay, and the ancient Egyptians established the smallest shoun in each city to provide the required grain within its scope. Storage places for grain were also found in the temples, and Egypt enjoyed a great position as the basket of the world’s grain that everyone intended for.


The national scale project for grain Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. In Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya, and Mafalaseh in Aswan. It is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.
Within the framework of the Saudi loan projects, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Arab Al-Aleqat silo in Qalyubia with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, and the Fayed silo in Ismailia with a storage capacity Storage of 30,000 tons, the silo of Sidi Ghazi in Kafr El-Sheikh, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and the silo of San Al-Hajar in Sharkia, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


Burj Al Arab silo works:

  It included design, construction, civil works, manufacturing, supply, installation, start-up trials, spare parts and start-up for a number of Mawazine complex for complete metal Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons in a turnkey system. The project consists of (18 Bulk scale - two security rooms - a water tank - a pump room - an electric room - a store - Spare parts building - administrative building - mosque - workshop - weighing scales for loading Bulk scale - scale - click).


Works of scales for bathroom Bulk scale:

It included the establishment of 9 conical storage cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 45 thousand tons, in the city of Hammam, Marsa Matrouh Governorate. Administrative - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pumps room - electric building - workshop building - spare parts building - storage building - truck scale control room - machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - fence and guard towers - storage area Storage area 1750 m2 ).


Works of scales for the morning Bulk scale:

It includes the construction of 12 metal cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 60,000 tons, including: (cranes tower - main tunnels - delivery point - truck scale - scales for loading Bulk scale - scales for dust Bulk scale - administrative building - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pump room - Electricity building - Workshop building - Spare parts building - Storage building - Truck scale control room - Machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - Fence and guard towers).


Stages of project implementation


The first stage


A presidential decree was issued to establish 50 metal Bulk scale inside Egypt, to be implemented in several stages, each with a capacity of 30,000 tons, to store local wheat. Through contacting the donors by providing soft loans to finance the foreign component of these projects and at appropriate times to comply with the implementation timetables, where framework agreements were signed with both the Danish Aid Authority (Al-Dunida) - the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund to finance the first phase of the national project for Bulk scale.

 

Precedence for the Arab Contractors


The Arab Contractors Company took the lead in establishing scales for metal Bulk scale for the account of the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. wheat in Egypt.


Implementation of 15 Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. Damanhour in Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya and Mafalsa in Aswan, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. It follows the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.


Storage capacity of 90 thousand tons


As for the Saudi loan projects, which were funded by the OPEC loan and the Saudi Bank, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90 thousand tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, and the Arab silo Al-Aleqat in Qalyubia has a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, Fayed silo in Ismailia has a storage capacity of 30,000 tons, Sidi Ghazi silo in Kafr El-Sheikh has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and San Al-Hajar silo in Sharkia has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


The latest storage systems


It is noteworthy that each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction system It is separated from the air by a filter and stored in special warehouses in order to preserve the environment.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
The scales for the modern Bulk scale also succeeded in receiving large quantities of wheat from the Mostaqbal Egypt agricultural project, which achieved high productivity this season. He explained that the project plan takes into account the selection of a safe transportation system through the Railway Authority in coordination with the Ministry of Transport.
- The Egyptian government is studying the circulation of one of the special experiences regarding scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by one of the private projects, which is the first project for scales for plastic Bulk scale that is being established in Beni Suef Governorate to store the wheat crop. Of the 3 storage lines, they were implemented according to the highest standards in force in many countries of the world, as they were imported from Australia, one of the most important leading countries in the storage sector.
- This type of scale for Bulk scale does not depend on any human intervention to prevent any contamination of the grain during its storage, and it is based on self-treatment of the grain so that it does not need insect-resistant materials with an automatic system that maintains the quality and purity of the imported and local grain at the same time, as the countries of Ukraine Russia, Argentina and Brazil are among the largest countries that have achieved a breakthrough in this field, and this type of Bulk scale reduces shipping and transportation costs from crops to storage places, and the cost of a ton of scales for plastic Bulk scale does not exceed 100 pounds, while the cost of scales for regular Bulk scale reaches 190 pounds.


The importance of the "National Project for Bulk scale" in light of the Ukrainian crisis

- The war between Russia and Ukraine 2022, and the possibility of Russia and Ukraine leaving the grain export market, sparked widespread controversy over the issue of importing wheat for Egypt, and President Sisi’s urgent directives came to the government to give farmers additional incentives to expand wheat production, in addition to the government’s plan to increase the areas cultivated with this crop. All of this supports Egypt's strategy to secure wheat production.
The Egyptian state has also taken many measures to secure the strategic reserve of the wheat crop, as the state had a forward-looking vision, especially since the strategic reserve of wheat was not sufficient for 12 days in 2017, but now the reserve of wheat has reached the needs of 103 million citizens to four months until Now, knowing that it will reach nine months after harvesting the wheat crop in June 2022, and this is due to the country’s efforts in long-term planning to provide the largest amount of strategic stocks of wheat as one of the strategic crops, as it is the main source for the bread industry, which is the basic food for the vast majority of people. The Egyptians, the idea of expanding the establishment of Bulk scale came in 2015.

This project is considered one of the national projects that the Egyptian state has given special attention to and has allocated private funding and all kinds of support for its modernization and development and the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale. Given the importance of wheat as a major food commodity and the strategic cash crop, the state has established scales for modern Bulk scale in all governorates of the Republic to store and preserve wheat on one level. Storage technology systems in working and modern system application in their management.


The National Bulk scale project is one of the state's plans to preserve food and secure its strategic stock. It included the construction of about 50 Bulk scale, with an estimated storage capacity of 1.5 million tons. distributed over 17 governorates.
The National Bulk scale project includes 50 Bulk scale for storing wheat and grain, to be implemented and established in 17 governorates, with a storage capacity of 1.5 million tons, namely: Bargash in Giza, Mit Ghamr and Sherbin in Dakahlia and Qantara east of North Sinai, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Hehya in Sharkia, Damanhour in Beheira and Sabahiya. In Alexandria, Qena, East Owainat, New Valley, Banha, Qalyubia, Beni Suef, Fayoum, Bahnasa, and Sheikh Fadl.
Egypt now includes 70 Bulk scale at the level of the governorates of the Republic, and they are designed with the latest technology and techniques in the world.
It is expected that the storage capacity in the Bulk scale will increase in 2022 and reach approximately 3.6 million tons as well, with the expansion of the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale, and the wheat stock is now sufficient for more than 4 months and with the receipt of local wheat from farmers as of mid-April each year. The strategic reserve of wheat allocated for subsidized bread production will be increased until November 2022, or the end of the year.
In the context of encouraging farmers to expand wheat cultivation, local wheat for the 2022 season has been received and stored, and the wheat supplied for the 2022 season will be optional for the General Authority for Supply Commodities, provided that the supply season starts from 4-15-2022 until 7-15 -2022, provided that the imported grains are free from insect infestations, sand and gravel, and with a cleanliness of not less than 22.5 carats.

The strategy for doing this project

The number of Bulk scale in Egypt was few, and it was not sufficient for storage, and it was stored in unsecured shrines, and the waste rate reached 15%, meaning that if the state stored 9 million tons, the waste would reach one million tons, and this equals 4.5 billion pounds at the current price. for wheat.


The storage capacity in 2014 was approximately 1.2 million tons of storage, and our monthly consumption of ration wheat was 800 thousand tons of wheat, meaning that the strategic reserve of wheat, which could be stored in the scales of Bulk scale for a period of one month and a week, and the rest of the wheat quantities were stored in Shawn, as well as developed shoun and hangers, in order to maintain the quality of Egyptian wheat.


The implementation of the project began in 2015 on an area of about 20,000 square meters per silo. Using one of the most important technologies, which is represented in placing a truck scale to weigh the wheat sacks loaded in cars, and it is operated through the control room that enables the new system to extract the required quantities of wheat without waste.


In the middle of April of each year, the wheat harvest season begins after it regained its throne and occupied the list of economic and strategic crops in the country. and achieve self-sufficiency from it.


He pointed out that the construction of 6 new silo scales is nearing completion, and work is scheduled to start in the next wheat harvest season, at a cost of 68 million pounds per silo with a capacity of 60,000 tons, while the cost of a silo that can accommodate 90,000 tons is 300 million pounds.


The storage period of wheat in Bulk scale is up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the storage period of wheat in Bulk scale up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the degree of humidity and temperature according to the automated systems used inside the silo.
  The storage capacities have now reached approximately 3.4 million tons of storage capacity, i.e. we are currently storing about 4 and a half months of storage inside the Bulk scale, and the strategic reserve of wheat has now reached 5 months in the Bulk scale, as well as storage in the scales for the Bulk scale of the mills, and what has been achieved in this The field is an objective shift in the Bulk scale, whether in Bulk scale, ports or other Bulk scale.


The total production of domestic wheat reached 9 million tons, and Egypt consumes approximately 16 million tons per year, i.e. we have reached 55% self-sufficiency in wheat, and approximately 45% is imported from abroad through the public and private sectors, approximately 7 million tons. Wheat imported from abroad.


Silo definition

A grain silo is a place for its storage, and it is more developed than a barn, which is only a temporary store for it. A silo is a building equipped to store, load, and unload grain before selling or using it. Bulk scale are usually found in farms, mills, railway stations, and ports, and grains such as barley and wheat are stored in them, as they are the most important Types of granaries in modern times.


Each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – truck scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction and separation system The air is filtered and stored in FS buffers

 


3- It needs a number of hoppers to transport, lift and unload wheat or stored materials. This number is one ground hopper, and it is in the middle of the silo and passes through the bottom of the cement base. The base of the silo is inclined to the starting point of this hopper, and another hopper to transport the wheat from the ground from a cement pool. The grain is also unloaded into it, then another hopper is taken from it to raise the grain to the top of the silo to empty it inside the silo, and it is at the highest point inside the silo, and another hopper is in front of the silo and in the same pond, in order to load the wheat or the stored materials after unloading them directly from the silo to the openings ventilation.


its uses

1- It works to store the product inside it.
2- Equipped with an air crystal and suctions to remove moisture so that fungus does not grow in it, which leads to rotting of raw materials.
3- Equipped with sensors to monitor the raw materials and also know the storage capacity.
4- The Bulk scale are hermetically sealed.
5- There are different production capacities starting from 30 tons.


  Automation of Bulk scale

Most projects and institutions are moving towards digital transformation, with its great importance in changing transactions, saving wasted time, the amount of lost and damaged, and the governance of its system. The same thing is now possible in the scales of Egyptian Bulk scale.
The digital transformation and the system of mechanization of Bulk scale will have a vital role in governing the wheat system and controlling its rhythm, and it will clearly determine the volume of incoming, outgoing and outgoing without the intervention of the human element subject to error, which makes the existing information in the future more accurate and compact.
The digital system, to be implemented, will include the entire storage process, starting from entering the cars loaded with wheat until the completion of the unloading process, through sorting and weighing, with follow-up from those in charge of the electronic control room from the holding company’s headquarters.


Tamper prevention

Work is in full swing towards the digital transformation that the company is implementing in about 22 Bulk scale, revealing that the next season will witness the transformation of 72 Bulk scale of the digital system, which will control and control the supply and storage process in a way that will not allow any manipulation or waste in the near future.
Egypt is a leader in storing grain and protecting it from spoilage in ways that were not known to the world for nearly 7,000 years. Rather, it came to the way the scales work for the Bulk scale themselves with great care, enabling them to protect the grain from moisture and spoilage factors. It was even called the "Grand Shelter of the World".
The Bulk scale were built with domes of clay, and the ancient Egyptians established the smallest shoun in each city to provide the required grain within its scope. Storage places for grain were also found in the temples, and Egypt enjoyed a great position as the basket of the world’s grain that everyone intended for.


The national scale project for grain Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. In Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya, and Mafalaseh in Aswan. It is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.
Within the framework of the Saudi loan projects, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Arab Al-Aleqat silo in Qalyubia with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, and the Fayed silo in Ismailia with a storage capacity Storage of 30,000 tons, the silo of Sidi Ghazi in Kafr El-Sheikh, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and the silo of San Al-Hajar in Sharkia, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


Burj Al Arab silo works:

  It included design, construction, civil works, manufacturing, supply, installation, start-up trials, spare parts and start-up for a number of Mawazine complex for complete metal Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons in a turnkey system. The project consists of (18 Bulk scale - two security rooms - a water tank - a pump room - an electric room - a store - Spare parts building - administrative building - mosque - workshop - weighing scales for loading Bulk scale - scale - click).


Works of scales for bathroom Bulk scale:

It included the establishment of 9 conical storage cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 45 thousand tons, in the city of Hammam, Marsa Matrouh Governorate. Administrative - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pumps room - electric building - workshop building - spare parts building - storage building - truck scale control room - machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - fence and guard towers - storage area Storage area 1750 m2 ).


Works of scales for the morning Bulk scale:

It includes the construction of 12 metal cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 60,000 tons, including: (cranes tower - main tunnels - delivery point - truck scale - scales for loading Bulk scale - scales for dust Bulk scale - administrative building - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pump room - Electricity building - Workshop building - Spare parts building - Storage building - Truck scale control room - Machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - Fence and guard towers).


Stages of project implementation


The first stage


A presidential decree was issued to establish 50 metal Bulk scale inside Egypt, to be implemented in several stages, each with a capacity of 30,000 tons, to store local wheat. Through contacting the donors by providing soft loans to finance the foreign component of these projects and at appropriate times to comply with the implementation timetables, where framework agreements were signed with both the Danish Aid Authority (Al-Dunida) - the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund to finance the first phase of the national project for Bulk scale.

 

Precedence for the Arab Contractors


The Arab Contractors Company took the lead in establishing scales for metal Bulk scale for the account of the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. wheat in Egypt.


Implementation of 15 Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. Damanhour in Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya and Mafalsa in Aswan, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. It follows the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.


Storage capacity of 90 thousand tons


As for the Saudi loan projects, which were funded by the OPEC loan and the Saudi Bank, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90 thousand tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, and the Arab silo Al-Aleqat in Qalyubia has a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, Fayed silo in Ismailia has a storage capacity of 30,000 tons, Sidi Ghazi silo in Kafr El-Sheikh has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and San Al-Hajar silo in Sharkia has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


The latest storage systems


It is noteworthy that each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction system It is separated from the air by a filter and stored in special warehouses in order to preserve the environment.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
The scales for the modern Bulk scale also succeeded in receiving large quantities of wheat from the Mostaqbal Egypt agricultural project, which achieved high productivity this season. He explained that the project plan takes into account the selection of a safe transportation system through the Railway Authority in coordination with the Ministry of Transport.
- The Egyptian government is studying the circulation of one of the special experiences regarding scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by one of the private projects, which is the first project for scales for plastic Bulk scale that is being established in Beni Suef Governorate to store the wheat crop. Of the 3 storage lines, they were implemented according to the highest standards in force in many countries of the world, as they were imported from Australia, one of the most important leading countries in the storage sector.
- This type of scale for Bulk scale does not depend on any human intervention to prevent any contamination of the grain during its storage, and it is based on self-treatment of the grain so that it does not need insect-resistant materials with an automatic system that maintains the quality and purity of the imported and local grain at the same time, as the countries of Ukraine Russia, Argentina and Brazil are among the largest countries that have achieved a breakthrough in this field, and this type of Bulk scale reduces shipping and transportation costs from crops to storage places, and the cost of a ton of scales for plastic Bulk scale does not exceed 100 pounds, while the cost of scales for regular Bulk scale reaches 190 pounds.


The importance of the "National Project for Bulk scale" in light of the Ukrainian crisis

- The war between Russia and Ukraine 2022, and the possibility of Russia and Ukraine leaving the grain export market, sparked widespread controversy over the issue of importing wheat for Egypt, and President Sisi’s urgent directives came to the government to give farmers additional incentives to expand wheat production, in addition to the government’s plan to increase the areas cultivated with this crop. All of this supports Egypt's strategy to secure wheat production.
The Egyptian state has also taken many measures to secure the strategic reserve of the wheat crop, as the state had a forward-looking vision, especially since the strategic reserve of wheat was not sufficient for 12 days in 2017, but now the reserve of wheat has reached the needs of 103 million citizens to four months until Now, knowing that it will reach nine months after harvesting the wheat crop in June 2022, and this is due to the country’s efforts in long-term planning to provide the largest amount of strategic stocks of wheat as one of the strategic crops, as it is the main source for the bread industry, which is the basic food for the vast majority of people. The Egyptians, the idea of expanding the establishment of Bulk scale came in 2015.

This project is considered one of the national projects that the Egyptian state has given special attention to and has allocated private funding and all kinds of support for its modernization and development and the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale. Given the importance of wheat as a major food commodity and the strategic cash crop, the state has established scales for modern Bulk scale in all governorates of the Republic to store and preserve wheat on one level. Storage technology systems in working and modern system application in their management.


The National Bulk scale project is one of the state's plans to preserve food and secure its strategic stock. It included the construction of about 50 Bulk scale, with an estimated storage capacity of 1.5 million tons. distributed over 17 governorates.
The National Bulk scale project includes 50 Bulk scale for storing wheat and grain, to be implemented and established in 17 governorates, with a storage capacity of 1.5 million tons, namely: Bargash in Giza, Mit Ghamr and Sherbin in Dakahlia and Qantara east of North Sinai, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Hehya in Sharkia, Damanhour in Beheira and Sabahiya. In Alexandria, Qena, East Owainat, New Valley, Banha, Qalyubia, Beni Suef, Fayoum, Bahnasa, and Sheikh Fadl.
Egypt now includes 70 Bulk scale at the level of the governorates of the Republic, and they are designed with the latest technology and techniques in the world.
It is expected that the storage capacity in the Bulk scale will increase in 2022 and reach approximately 3.6 million tons as well, with the expansion of the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale, and the wheat stock is now sufficient for more than 4 months and with the receipt of local wheat from farmers as of mid-April each year. The strategic reserve of wheat allocated for subsidized bread production will be increased until November 2022, or the end of the year.
In the context of encouraging farmers to expand wheat cultivation, local wheat for the 2022 season has been received and stored, and the wheat supplied for the 2022 season will be optional for the General Authority for Supply Commodities, provided that the supply season starts from 4-15-2022 until 7-15 -2022, provided that the imported grains are free from insect infestations, sand and gravel, and with a cleanliness of not less than 22.5 carats.

The strategy for doing this project

The number of Bulk scale in Egypt was few, and it was not sufficient for storage, and it was stored in unsecured shrines, and the waste rate reached 15%, meaning that if the state stored 9 million tons, the waste would reach one million tons, and this equals 4.5 billion pounds at the current price. for wheat.


The storage capacity in 2014 was approximately 1.2 million tons of storage, and our monthly consumption of ration wheat was 800 thousand tons of wheat, meaning that the strategic reserve of wheat, which could be stored in the scales of Bulk scale for a period of one month and a week, and the rest of the wheat quantities were stored in Shawn, as well as developed shoun and hangers, in order to maintain the quality of Egyptian wheat.


The implementation of the project began in 2015 on an area of about 20,000 square meters per silo. Using one of the most important technologies, which is represented in placing a truck scale to weigh the wheat sacks loaded in cars, and it is operated through the control room that enables the new system to extract the required quantities of wheat without waste.


In the middle of April of each year, the wheat harvest season begins after it regained its throne and occupied the list of economic and strategic crops in the country. and achieve self-sufficiency from it.


He pointed out that the construction of 6 new silo scales is nearing completion, and work is scheduled to start in the next wheat harvest season, at a cost of 68 million pounds per silo with a capacity of 60,000 tons, while the cost of a silo that can accommodate 90,000 tons is 300 million pounds.


The storage period of wheat in Bulk scale is up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the storage period of wheat in Bulk scale up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the degree of humidity and temperature according to the automated systems used inside the silo.
  The storage capacities have now reached approximately 3.4 million tons of storage capacity, i.e. we are currently storing about 4 and a half months of storage inside the Bulk scale, and the strategic reserve of wheat has now reached 5 months in the Bulk scale, as well as storage in the scales for the Bulk scale of the mills, and what has been achieved in this The field is an objective shift in the Bulk scale, whether in Bulk scale, ports or other Bulk scale.


The total production of domestic wheat reached 9 million tons, and Egypt consumes approximately 16 million tons per year, i.e. we have reached 55% self-sufficiency in wheat, and approximately 45% is imported from abroad through the public and private sectors, approximately 7 million tons. Wheat imported from abroad.


Silo definition

A grain silo is a place for its storage, and it is more developed than a barn, which is only a temporary store for it. A silo is a building equipped to store, load, and unload grain before selling or using it. Bulk scale are usually found in farms, mills, railway stations, and ports, and grains such as barley and wheat are stored in them, as they are the most important Types of granaries in modern times.


Each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – truck scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction and separation system The air is filtered and stored in FS buffers

 


3- It needs a number of hoppers to transport, lift and unload wheat or stored materials. This number is one ground hopper, and it is in the middle of the silo and passes through the bottom of the cement base. The base of the silo is inclined to the starting point of this hopper, and another hopper to transport the wheat from the ground from a cement pool. The grain is also unloaded into it, then another hopper is taken from it to raise the grain to the top of the silo to empty it inside the silo, and it is at the highest point inside the silo, and another hopper is in front of the silo and in the same pond, in order to load the wheat or the stored materials after unloading them directly from the silo to the openings ventilation.


its uses

1- It works to store the product inside it.
2- Equipped with an air crystal and suctions to remove moisture so that fungus does not grow in it, which leads to rotting of raw materials.
3- Equipped with sensors to monitor the raw materials and also know the storage capacity.
4- The Bulk scale are hermetically sealed.
5- There are different production capacities starting from 30 tons.


  Automation of Bulk scale

Most projects and institutions are moving towards digital transformation, with its great importance in changing transactions, saving wasted time, the amount of lost and damaged, and the governance of its system. The same thing is now possible in the scales of Egyptian Bulk scale.
The digital transformation and the system of mechanization of Bulk scale will have a vital role in governing the wheat system and controlling its rhythm, and it will clearly determine the volume of incoming, outgoing and outgoing without the intervention of the human element subject to error, which makes the existing information in the future more accurate and compact.
The digital system, to be implemented, will include the entire storage process, starting from entering the cars loaded with wheat until the completion of the unloading process, through sorting and weighing, with follow-up from those in charge of the electronic control room from the holding company’s headquarters.


Tamper prevention

Work is in full swing towards the digital transformation that the company is implementing in about 22 Bulk scale, revealing that the next season will witness the transformation of 72 Bulk scale of the digital system, which will control and control the supply and storage process in a way that will not allow any manipulation or waste in the near future.
Egypt is a leader in storing grain and protecting it from spoilage in ways that were not known to the world for nearly 7,000 years. Rather, it came to the way the scales work for the Bulk scale themselves with great care, enabling them to protect the grain from moisture and spoilage factors. It was even called the "Grand Shelter of the World".
The Bulk scale were built with domes of clay, and the ancient Egyptians established the smallest shoun in each city to provide the required grain within its scope. Storage places for grain were also found in the temples, and Egypt enjoyed a great position as the basket of the world’s grain that everyone intended for.


The national scale project for grain Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. In Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya, and Mafalaseh in Aswan. It is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.
Within the framework of the Saudi loan projects, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Arab Al-Aleqat silo in Qalyubia with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, and the Fayed silo in Ismailia with a storage capacity Storage of 30,000 tons, the silo of Sidi Ghazi in Kafr El-Sheikh, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and the silo of San Al-Hajar in Sharkia, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


Burj Al Arab silo works:

  It included design, construction, civil works, manufacturing, supply, installation, start-up trials, spare parts and start-up for a number of Mawazine complex for complete metal Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons in a turnkey system. The project consists of (18 Bulk scale - two security rooms - a water tank - a pump room - an electric room - a store - Spare parts building - administrative building - mosque - workshop - weighing scales for loading Bulk scale - scale - click).


Works of scales for bathroom Bulk scale:

It included the establishment of 9 conical storage cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 45 thousand tons, in the city of Hammam, Marsa Matrouh Governorate. Administrative - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pumps room - electric building - workshop building - spare parts building - storage building - truck scale control room - machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - fence and guard towers - storage area Storage area 1750 m2 ).


Works of scales for the morning Bulk scale:

It includes the construction of 12 metal cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 60,000 tons, including: (cranes tower - main tunnels - delivery point - truck scale - scales for loading Bulk scale - scales for dust Bulk scale - administrative building - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pump room - Electricity building - Workshop building - Spare parts building - Storage building - Truck scale control room - Machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - Fence and guard towers).


Stages of project implementation


The first stage


A presidential decree was issued to establish 50 metal Bulk scale inside Egypt, to be implemented in several stages, each with a capacity of 30,000 tons, to store local wheat. Through contacting the donors by providing soft loans to finance the foreign component of these projects and at appropriate times to comply with the implementation timetables, where framework agreements were signed with both the Danish Aid Authority (Al-Dunida) - the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund to finance the first phase of the national project for Bulk scale.

 

Precedence for the Arab Contractors


The Arab Contractors Company took the lead in establishing scales for metal Bulk scale for the account of the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. wheat in Egypt.


Implementation of 15 Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. Damanhour in Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya and Mafalsa in Aswan, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. It follows the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.


Storage capacity of 90 thousand tons


As for the Saudi loan projects, which were funded by the OPEC loan and the Saudi Bank, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90 thousand tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, and the Arab silo Al-Aleqat in Qalyubia has a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, Fayed silo in Ismailia has a storage capacity of 30,000 tons, Sidi Ghazi silo in Kafr El-Sheikh has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and San Al-Hajar silo in Sharkia has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


The latest storage systems


It is noteworthy that each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction system It is separated from the air by a filter and stored in special warehouses in order to preserve the environment.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
The scales for the modern Bulk scale also succeeded in receiving large quantities of wheat from the Mostaqbal Egypt agricultural project, which achieved high productivity this season. He explained that the project plan takes into account the selection of a safe transportation system through the Railway Authority in coordination with the Ministry of Transport.
- The Egyptian government is studying the circulation of one of the special experiences regarding scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by one of the private projects, which is the first project for scales for plastic Bulk scale that is being established in Beni Suef Governorate to store the wheat crop. Of the 3 storage lines, they were implemented according to the highest standards in force in many countries of the world, as they were imported from Australia, one of the most important leading countries in the storage sector.
- This type of scale for Bulk scale does not depend on any human intervention to prevent any contamination of the grain during its storage, and it is based on self-treatment of the grain so that it does not need insect-resistant materials with an automatic system that maintains the quality and purity of the imported and local grain at the same time, as the countries of Ukraine Russia, Argentina and Brazil are among the largest countries that have achieved a breakthrough in this field, and this type of Bulk scale reduces shipping and transportation costs from crops to storage places, and the cost of a ton of scales for plastic Bulk scale does not exceed 100 pounds, while the cost of scales for regular Bulk scale reaches 190 pounds.


The importance of the "National Project for Bulk scale" in light of the Ukrainian crisis

- The war between Russia and Ukraine 2022, and the possibility of Russia and Ukraine leaving the grain export market, sparked widespread controversy over the issue of importing wheat for Egypt, and President Sisi’s urgent directives came to the government to give farmers additional incentives to expand wheat production, in addition to the government’s plan to increase the areas cultivated with this crop. All of this supports Egypt's strategy to secure wheat production.
The Egyptian state has also taken many measures to secure the strategic reserve of the wheat crop, as the state had a forward-looking vision, especially since the strategic reserve of wheat was not sufficient for 12 days in 2017, but now the reserve of wheat has reached the needs of 103 million citizens to four months until Now, knowing that it will reach nine months after harvesting the wheat crop in June 2022, and this is due to the country’s efforts in long-term planning to provide the largest amount of strategic stocks of wheat as one of the strategic crops, as it is the main source for the bread industry, which is the basic food for the vast majority of people. The Egyptians, the idea of expanding the establishment of Bulk scale came in 2015.

This project is considered one of the national projects that the Egyptian state has given special attention to and has allocated private funding and all kinds of support for its modernization and development and the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale. Given the importance of wheat as a major food commodity and the strategic cash crop, the state has established scales for modern Bulk scale in all governorates of the Republic to store and preserve wheat on one level. Storage technology systems in working and modern system application in their management.


The National Bulk scale project is one of the state's plans to preserve food and secure its strategic stock. It included the construction of about 50 Bulk scale, with an estimated storage capacity of 1.5 million tons. distributed over 17 governorates.
The National Bulk scale project includes 50 Bulk scale for storing wheat and grain, to be implemented and established in 17 governorates, with a storage capacity of 1.5 million tons, namely: Bargash in Giza, Mit Ghamr and Sherbin in Dakahlia and Qantara east of North Sinai, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Hehya in Sharkia, Damanhour in Beheira and Sabahiya. In Alexandria, Qena, East Owainat, New Valley, Banha, Qalyubia, Beni Suef, Fayoum, Bahnasa, and Sheikh Fadl.
Egypt now includes 70 Bulk scale at the level of the governorates of the Republic, and they are designed with the latest technology and techniques in the world.
It is expected that the storage capacity in the Bulk scale will increase in 2022 and reach approximately 3.6 million tons as well, with the expansion of the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale, and the wheat stock is now sufficient for more than 4 months and with the receipt of local wheat from farmers as of mid-April each year. The strategic reserve of wheat allocated for subsidized bread production will be increased until November 2022, or the end of the year.
In the context of encouraging farmers to expand wheat cultivation, local wheat for the 2022 season has been received and stored, and the wheat supplied for the 2022 season will be optional for the General Authority for Supply Commodities, provided that the supply season starts from 4-15-2022 until 7-15 -2022, provided that the imported grains are free from insect infestations, sand and gravel, and with a cleanliness of not less than 22.5 carats.

The strategy for doing this project

The number of Bulk scale in Egypt was few, and it was not sufficient for storage, and it was stored in unsecured shrines, and the waste rate reached 15%, meaning that if the state stored 9 million tons, the waste would reach one million tons, and this equals 4.5 billion pounds at the current price. for wheat.


The storage capacity in 2014 was approximately 1.2 million tons of storage, and our monthly consumption of ration wheat was 800 thousand tons of wheat, meaning that the strategic reserve of wheat, which could be stored in the scales of Bulk scale for a period of one month and a week, and the rest of the wheat quantities were stored in Shawn, as well as developed shoun and hangers, in order to maintain the quality of Egyptian wheat.


The implementation of the project began in 2015 on an area of about 20,000 square meters per silo. Using one of the most important technologies, which is represented in placing a truck scale to weigh the wheat sacks loaded in cars, and it is operated through the control room that enables the new system to extract the required quantities of wheat without waste.


In the middle of April of each year, the wheat harvest season begins after it regained its throne and occupied the list of economic and strategic crops in the country. and achieve self-sufficiency from it.


He pointed out that the construction of 6 new silo scales is nearing completion, and work is scheduled to start in the next wheat harvest season, at a cost of 68 million pounds per silo with a capacity of 60,000 tons, while the cost of a silo that can accommodate 90,000 tons is 300 million pounds.


The storage period of wheat in Bulk scale is up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the storage period of wheat in Bulk scale up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the degree of humidity and temperature according to the automated systems used inside the silo.
  The storage capacities have now reached approximately 3.4 million tons of storage capacity, i.e. we are currently storing about 4 and a half months of storage inside the Bulk scale, and the strategic reserve of wheat has now reached 5 months in the Bulk scale, as well as storage in the scales for the Bulk scale of the mills, and what has been achieved in this The field is an objective shift in the Bulk scale, whether in Bulk scale, ports or other Bulk scale.


The total production of domestic wheat reached 9 million tons, and Egypt consumes approximately 16 million tons per year, i.e. we have reached 55% self-sufficiency in wheat, and approximately 45% is imported from abroad through the public and private sectors, approximately 7 million tons. Wheat imported from abroad.


Silo definition

A grain silo is a place for its storage, and it is more developed than a barn, which is only a temporary store for it. A silo is a building equipped to store, load, and unload grain before selling or using it. Bulk scale are usually found in farms, mills, railway stations, and ports, and grains such as barley and wheat are stored in them, as they are the most important Types of granaries in modern times.


Each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – truck scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction and separation system The air is filtered and stored in FS buffers

 


3- It needs a number of hoppers to transport, lift and unload wheat or stored materials. This number is one ground hopper, and it is in the middle of the silo and passes through the bottom of the cement base. The base of the silo is inclined to the starting point of this hopper, and another hopper to transport the wheat from the ground from a cement pool. The grain is also unloaded into it, then another hopper is taken from it to raise the grain to the top of the silo to empty it inside the silo, and it is at the highest point inside the silo, and another hopper is in front of the silo and in the same pond, in order to load the wheat or the stored materials after unloading them directly from the silo to the openings ventilation.


its uses

1- It works to store the product inside it.
2- Equipped with an air crystal and suctions to remove moisture so that fungus does not grow in it, which leads to rotting of raw materials.
3- Equipped with sensors to monitor the raw materials and also know the storage capacity.
4- The Bulk scale are hermetically sealed.
5- There are different production capacities starting from 30 tons.


  Automation of Bulk scale

Most projects and institutions are moving towards digital transformation, with its great importance in changing transactions, saving wasted time, the amount of lost and damaged, and the governance of its system. The same thing is now possible in the scales of Egyptian Bulk scale.
The digital transformation and the system of mechanization of Bulk scale will have a vital role in governing the wheat system and controlling its rhythm, and it will clearly determine the volume of incoming, outgoing and outgoing without the intervention of the human element subject to error, which makes the existing information in the future more accurate and compact.
The digital system, to be implemented, will include the entire storage process, starting from entering the cars loaded with wheat until the completion of the unloading process, through sorting and weighing, with follow-up from those in charge of the electronic control room from the holding company’s headquarters.


Tamper prevention

Work is in full swing towards the digital transformation that the company is implementing in about 22 Bulk scale, revealing that the next season will witness the transformation of 72 Bulk scale of the digital system, which will control and control the supply and storage process in a way that will not allow any manipulation or waste in the near future.
Egypt is a leader in storing grain and protecting it from spoilage in ways that were not known to the world for nearly 7,000 years. Rather, it came to the way the scales work for the Bulk scale themselves with great care, enabling them to protect the grain from moisture and spoilage factors. It was even called the "Grand Shelter of the World".
The Bulk scale were built with domes of clay, and the ancient Egyptians established the smallest shoun in each city to provide the required grain within its scope. Storage places for grain were also found in the temples, and Egypt enjoyed a great position as the basket of the world’s grain that everyone intended for.


The national scale project for grain Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. In Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya, and Mafalaseh in Aswan. It is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.
Within the framework of the Saudi loan projects, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Arab Al-Aleqat silo in Qalyubia with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, and the Fayed silo in Ismailia with a storage capacity Storage of 30,000 tons, the silo of Sidi Ghazi in Kafr El-Sheikh, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and the silo of San Al-Hajar in Sharkia, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


Burj Al Arab silo works:

  It included design, construction, civil works, manufacturing, supply, installation, start-up trials, spare parts and start-up for a number of Mawazine complex for complete metal Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons in a turnkey system. The project consists of (18 Bulk scale - two security rooms - a water tank - a pump room - an electric room - a store - Spare parts building - administrative building - mosque - workshop - weighing scales for loading Bulk scale - scale - click).


Works of scales for bathroom Bulk scale:

It included the establishment of 9 conical storage cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 45 thousand tons, in the city of Hammam, Marsa Matrouh Governorate. Administrative - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pumps room - electric building - workshop building - spare parts building - storage building - truck scale control room - machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - fence and guard towers - storage area Storage area 1750 m2 ).


Works of scales for the morning Bulk scale:

It includes the construction of 12 metal cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 60,000 tons, including: (cranes tower - main tunnels - delivery point - truck scale - scales for loading Bulk scale - scales for dust Bulk scale - administrative building - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pump room - Electricity building - Workshop building - Spare parts building - Storage building - Truck scale control room - Machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - Fence and guard towers).


Stages of project implementation


The first stage


A presidential decree was issued to establish 50 metal Bulk scale inside Egypt, to be implemented in several stages, each with a capacity of 30,000 tons, to store local wheat. Through contacting the donors by providing soft loans to finance the foreign component of these projects and at appropriate times to comply with the implementation timetables, where framework agreements were signed with both the Danish Aid Authority (Al-Dunida) - the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund to finance the first phase of the national project for Bulk scale.

 

Precedence for the Arab Contractors


The Arab Contractors Company took the lead in establishing scales for metal Bulk scale for the account of the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. wheat in Egypt.


Implementation of 15 Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. Damanhour in Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya and Mafalsa in Aswan, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. It follows the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.


Storage capacity of 90 thousand tons


As for the Saudi loan projects, which were funded by the OPEC loan and the Saudi Bank, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90 thousand tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, and the Arab silo Al-Aleqat in Qalyubia has a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, Fayed silo in Ismailia has a storage capacity of 30,000 tons, Sidi Ghazi silo in Kafr El-Sheikh has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and San Al-Hajar silo in Sharkia has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


The latest storage systems


It is noteworthy that each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction system It is separated from the air by a filter and stored in special warehouses in order to preserve the environment.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
The scales for the modern Bulk scale also succeeded in receiving large quantities of wheat from the Mostaqbal Egypt agricultural project, which achieved high productivity this season. He explained that the project plan takes into account the selection of a safe transportation system through the Railway Authority in coordination with the Ministry of Transport.
- The Egyptian government is studying the circulation of one of the special experiences regarding scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by one of the private projects, which is the first project for scales for plastic Bulk scale that is being established in Beni Suef Governorate to store the wheat crop. Of the 3 storage lines, they were implemented according to the highest standards in force in many countries of the world, as they were imported from Australia, one of the most important leading countries in the storage sector.
- This type of scale for Bulk scale does not depend on any human intervention to prevent any contamination of the grain during its storage, and it is based on self-treatment of the grain so that it does not need insect-resistant materials with an automatic system that maintains the quality and purity of the imported and local grain at the same time, as the countries of Ukraine Russia, Argentina and Brazil are among the largest countries that have achieved a breakthrough in this field, and this type of Bulk scale reduces shipping and transportation costs from crops to storage places, and the cost of a ton of scales for plastic Bulk scale does not exceed 100 pounds, while the cost of scales for regular Bulk scale reaches 190 pounds.


The importance of the "National Project for Bulk scale" in light of the Ukrainian crisis

- The war between Russia and Ukraine 2022, and the possibility of Russia and Ukraine leaving the grain export market, sparked widespread controversy over the issue of importing wheat for Egypt, and President Sisi’s urgent directives came to the government to give farmers additional incentives to expand wheat production, in addition to the government’s plan to increase the areas cultivated with this crop. All of this supports Egypt's strategy to secure wheat production.
The Egyptian state has also taken many measures to secure the strategic reserve of the wheat crop, as the state had a forward-looking vision, especially since the strategic reserve of wheat was not sufficient for 12 days in 2017, but now the reserve of wheat has reached the needs of 103 million citizens to four months until Now, knowing that it will reach nine months after harvesting the wheat crop in June 2022, and this is due to the country’s efforts in long-term planning to provide the largest amount of strategic stocks of wheat as one of the strategic crops, as it is the main source for the bread industry, which is the basic food for the vast majority of people. The Egyptians, the idea of expanding the establishment of Bulk scale came in 2015.

This project is considered one of the national projects that the Egyptian state has given special attention to and has allocated private funding and all kinds of support for its modernization and development and the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale. Given the importance of wheat as a major food commodity and the strategic cash crop, the state has established scales for modern Bulk scale in all governorates of the Republic to store and preserve wheat on one level. Storage technology systems in working and modern system application in their management.


The National Bulk scale project is one of the state's plans to preserve food and secure its strategic stock. It included the construction of about 50 Bulk scale, with an estimated storage capacity of 1.5 million tons. distributed over 17 governorates.
The National Bulk scale project includes 50 Bulk scale for storing wheat and grain, to be implemented and established in 17 governorates, with a storage capacity of 1.5 million tons, namely: Bargash in Giza, Mit Ghamr and Sherbin in Dakahlia and Qantara east of North Sinai, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Hehya in Sharkia, Damanhour in Beheira and Sabahiya. In Alexandria, Qena, East Owainat, New Valley, Banha, Qalyubia, Beni Suef, Fayoum, Bahnasa, and Sheikh Fadl.
Egypt now includes 70 Bulk scale at the level of the governorates of the Republic, and they are designed with the latest technology and techniques in the world.
It is expected that the storage capacity in the Bulk scale will increase in 2022 and reach approximately 3.6 million tons as well, with the expansion of the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale, and the wheat stock is now sufficient for more than 4 months and with the receipt of local wheat from farmers as of mid-April each year. The strategic reserve of wheat allocated for subsidized bread production will be increased until November 2022, or the end of the year.
In the context of encouraging farmers to expand wheat cultivation, local wheat for the 2022 season has been received and stored, and the wheat supplied for the 2022 season will be optional for the General Authority for Supply Commodities, provided that the supply season starts from 4-15-2022 until 7-15 -2022, provided that the imported grains are free from insect infestations, sand and gravel, and with a cleanliness of not less than 22.5 carats.

The strategy for doing this project

The number of Bulk scale in Egypt was few, and it was not sufficient for storage, and it was stored in unsecured shrines, and the waste rate reached 15%, meaning that if the state stored 9 million tons, the waste would reach one million tons, and this equals 4.5 billion pounds at the current price. for wheat.


The storage capacity in 2014 was approximately 1.2 million tons of storage, and our monthly consumption of ration wheat was 800 thousand tons of wheat, meaning that the strategic reserve of wheat, which could be stored in the scales of Bulk scale for a period of one month and a week, and the rest of the wheat quantities were stored in Shawn, as well as developed shoun and hangers, in order to maintain the quality of Egyptian wheat.


The implementation of the project began in 2015 on an area of about 20,000 square meters per silo. Using one of the most important technologies, which is represented in placing a truck scale to weigh the wheat sacks loaded in cars, and it is operated through the control room that enables the new system to extract the required quantities of wheat without waste.


In the middle of April of each year, the wheat harvest season begins after it regained its throne and occupied the list of economic and strategic crops in the country. and achieve self-sufficiency from it.


He pointed out that the construction of 6 new silo scales is nearing completion, and work is scheduled to start in the next wheat harvest season, at a cost of 68 million pounds per silo with a capacity of 60,000 tons, while the cost of a silo that can accommodate 90,000 tons is 300 million pounds.


The storage period of wheat in Bulk scale is up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the storage period of wheat in Bulk scale up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the degree of humidity and temperature according to the automated systems used inside the silo.
  The storage capacities have now reached approximately 3.4 million tons of storage capacity, i.e. we are currently storing about 4 and a half months of storage inside the Bulk scale, and the strategic reserve of wheat has now reached 5 months in the Bulk scale, as well as storage in the scales for the Bulk scale of the mills, and what has been achieved in this The field is an objective shift in the Bulk scale, whether in Bulk scale, ports or other Bulk scale.


The total production of domestic wheat reached 9 million tons, and Egypt consumes approximately 16 million tons per year, i.e. we have reached 55% self-sufficiency in wheat, and approximately 45% is imported from abroad through the public and private sectors, approximately 7 million tons. Wheat imported from abroad.


Silo definition

A grain silo is a place for its storage, and it is more developed than a barn, which is only a temporary store for it. A silo is a building equipped to store, load, and unload grain before selling or using it. Bulk scale are usually found in farms, mills, railway stations, and ports, and grains such as barley and wheat are stored in them, as they are the most important Types of granaries in modern times.


Each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – truck scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction and separation system The air is filtered and stored in FS buffers

 


3- It needs a number of hoppers to transport, lift and unload wheat or stored materials. This number is one ground hopper, and it is in the middle of the silo and passes through the bottom of the cement base. The base of the silo is inclined to the starting point of this hopper, and another hopper to transport the wheat from the ground from a cement pool. The grain is also unloaded into it, then another hopper is taken from it to raise the grain to the top of the silo to empty it inside the silo, and it is at the highest point inside the silo, and another hopper is in front of the silo and in the same pond, in order to load the wheat or the stored materials after unloading them directly from the silo to the openings ventilation.


its uses

1- It works to store the product inside it.
2- Equipped with an air crystal and suctions to remove moisture so that fungus does not grow in it, which leads to rotting of raw materials.
3- Equipped with sensors to monitor the raw materials and also know the storage capacity.
4- The Bulk scale are hermetically sealed.
5- There are different production capacities starting from 30 tons.


  Automation of Bulk scale

Most projects and institutions are moving towards digital transformation, with its great importance in changing transactions, saving wasted time, the amount of lost and damaged, and the governance of its system. The same thing is now possible in the scales of Egyptian Bulk scale.
The digital transformation and the system of mechanization of Bulk scale will have a vital role in governing the wheat system and controlling its rhythm, and it will clearly determine the volume of incoming, outgoing and outgoing without the intervention of the human element subject to error, which makes the existing information in the future more accurate and compact.
The digital system, to be implemented, will include the entire storage process, starting from entering the cars loaded with wheat until the completion of the unloading process, through sorting and weighing, with follow-up from those in charge of the electronic control room from the holding company’s headquarters.


Tamper prevention

Work is in full swing towards the digital transformation that the company is implementing in about 22 Bulk scale, revealing that the next season will witness the transformation of 72 Bulk scale of the digital system, which will control and control the supply and storage process in a way that will not allow any manipulation or waste in the near future.
Egypt is a leader in storing grain and protecting it from spoilage in ways that were not known to the world for nearly 7,000 years. Rather, it came to the way the scales work for the Bulk scale themselves with great care, enabling them to protect the grain from moisture and spoilage factors. It was even called the "Grand Shelter of the World".
The Bulk scale were built with domes of clay, and the ancient Egyptians established the smallest shoun in each city to provide the required grain within its scope. Storage places for grain were also found in the temples, and Egypt enjoyed a great position as the basket of the world’s grain that everyone intended for.


The national scale project for grain Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. In Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya, and Mafalaseh in Aswan. It is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.
Within the framework of the Saudi loan projects, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Arab Al-Aleqat silo in Qalyubia with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, and the Fayed silo in Ismailia with a storage capacity Storage of 30,000 tons, the silo of Sidi Ghazi in Kafr El-Sheikh, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and the silo of San Al-Hajar in Sharkia, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


Burj Al Arab silo works:

  It included design, construction, civil works, manufacturing, supply, installation, start-up trials, spare parts and start-up for a number of Mawazine complex for complete metal Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons in a turnkey system. The project consists of (18 Bulk scale - two security rooms - a water tank - a pump room - an electric room - a store - Spare parts building - administrative building - mosque - workshop - weighing scales for loading Bulk scale - scale - click).


Works of scales for bathroom Bulk scale:

It included the establishment of 9 conical storage cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 45 thousand tons, in the city of Hammam, Marsa Matrouh Governorate. Administrative - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pumps room - electric building - workshop building - spare parts building - storage building - truck scale control room - machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - fence and guard towers - storage area Storage area 1750 m2 ).


Works of scales for the morning Bulk scale:

It includes the construction of 12 metal cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 60,000 tons, including: (cranes tower - main tunnels - delivery point - truck scale - scales for loading Bulk scale - scales for dust Bulk scale - administrative building - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pump room - Electricity building - Workshop building - Spare parts building - Storage building - Truck scale control room - Machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - Fence and guard towers).


Stages of project implementation


The first stage


A presidential decree was issued to establish 50 metal Bulk scale inside Egypt, to be implemented in several stages, each with a capacity of 30,000 tons, to store local wheat. Through contacting the donors by providing soft loans to finance the foreign component of these projects and at appropriate times to comply with the implementation timetables, where framework agreements were signed with both the Danish Aid Authority (Al-Dunida) - the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund to finance the first phase of the national project for Bulk scale.

 

Precedence for the Arab Contractors


The Arab Contractors Company took the lead in establishing scales for metal Bulk scale for the account of the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. wheat in Egypt.


Implementation of 15 Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. Damanhour in Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya and Mafalsa in Aswan, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. It follows the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.


Storage capacity of 90 thousand tons


As for the Saudi loan projects, which were funded by the OPEC loan and the Saudi Bank, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90 thousand tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, and the Arab silo Al-Aleqat in Qalyubia has a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, Fayed silo in Ismailia has a storage capacity of 30,000 tons, Sidi Ghazi silo in Kafr El-Sheikh has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and San Al-Hajar silo in Sharkia has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


The latest storage systems


It is noteworthy that each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction system It is separated from the air by a filter and stored in special warehouses in order to preserve the environment.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
The scales for the modern Bulk scale also succeeded in receiving large quantities of wheat from the Mostaqbal Egypt agricultural project, which achieved high productivity this season. He explained that the project plan takes into account the selection of a safe transportation system through the Railway Authority in coordination with the Ministry of Transport.
- The Egyptian government is studying the circulation of one of the special experiences regarding scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by one of the private projects, which is the first project for scales for plastic Bulk scale that is being established in Beni Suef Governorate to store the wheat crop. Of the 3 storage lines, they were implemented according to the highest standards in force in many countries of the world, as they were imported from Australia, one of the most important leading countries in the storage sector.
- This type of scale for Bulk scale does not depend on any human intervention to prevent any contamination of the grain during its storage, and it is based on self-treatment of the grain so that it does not need insect-resistant materials with an automatic system that maintains the quality and purity of the imported and local grain at the same time, as the countries of Ukraine Russia, Argentina and Brazil are among the largest countries that have achieved a breakthrough in this field, and this type of Bulk scale reduces shipping and transportation costs from crops to storage places, and the cost of a ton of scales for plastic Bulk scale does not exceed 100 pounds, while the cost of scales for regular Bulk scale reaches 190 pounds.


The importance of the "National Project for Bulk scale" in light of the Ukrainian crisis

- The war between Russia and Ukraine 2022, and the possibility of Russia and Ukraine leaving the grain export market, sparked widespread controversy over the issue of importing wheat for Egypt, and President Sisi’s urgent directives came to the government to give farmers additional incentives to expand wheat production, in addition to the government’s plan to increase the areas cultivated with this crop. All of this supports Egypt's strategy to secure wheat production.
The Egyptian state has also taken many measures to secure the strategic reserve of the wheat crop, as the state had a forward-looking vision, especially since the strategic reserve of wheat was not sufficient for 12 days in 2017, but now the reserve of wheat has reached the needs of 103 million citizens to four months until Now, knowing that it will reach nine months after harvesting the wheat crop in June 2022, and this is due to the country’s efforts in long-term planning to provide the largest amount of strategic stocks of wheat as one of the strategic crops, as it is the main source for the bread industry, which is the basic food for the vast majority of people. The Egyptians, the idea of expanding the establishment of Bulk scale came in 2015.

This project is considered one of the national projects that the Egyptian state has given special attention to and has allocated private funding and all kinds of support for its modernization and development and the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale. Given the importance of wheat as a major food commodity and the strategic cash crop, the state has established scales for modern Bulk scale in all governorates of the Republic to store and preserve wheat on one level. Storage technology systems in working and modern system application in their management.


The National Bulk scale project is one of the state's plans to preserve food and secure its strategic stock. It included the construction of about 50 Bulk scale, with an estimated storage capacity of 1.5 million tons. distributed over 17 governorates.
The National Bulk scale project includes 50 Bulk scale for storing wheat and grain, to be implemented and established in 17 governorates, with a storage capacity of 1.5 million tons, namely: Bargash in Giza, Mit Ghamr and Sherbin in Dakahlia and Qantara east of North Sinai, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Hehya in Sharkia, Damanhour in Beheira and Sabahiya. In Alexandria, Qena, East Owainat, New Valley, Banha, Qalyubia, Beni Suef, Fayoum, Bahnasa, and Sheikh Fadl.
Egypt now includes 70 Bulk scale at the level of the governorates of the Republic, and they are designed with the latest technology and techniques in the world.
It is expected that the storage capacity in the Bulk scale will increase in 2022 and reach approximately 3.6 million tons as well, with the expansion of the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale, and the wheat stock is now sufficient for more than 4 months and with the receipt of local wheat from farmers as of mid-April each year. The strategic reserve of wheat allocated for subsidized bread production will be increased until November 2022, or the end of the year.
In the context of encouraging farmers to expand wheat cultivation, local wheat for the 2022 season has been received and stored, and the wheat supplied for the 2022 season will be optional for the General Authority for Supply Commodities, provided that the supply season starts from 4-15-2022 until 7-15 -2022, provided that the imported grains are free from insect infestations, sand and gravel, and with a cleanliness of not less than 22.5 carats.

The strategy for doing this project

The number of Bulk scale in Egypt was few, and it was not sufficient for storage, and it was stored in unsecured shrines, and the waste rate reached 15%, meaning that if the state stored 9 million tons, the waste would reach one million tons, and this equals 4.5 billion pounds at the current price. for wheat.


The storage capacity in 2014 was approximately 1.2 million tons of storage, and our monthly consumption of ration wheat was 800 thousand tons of wheat, meaning that the strategic reserve of wheat, which could be stored in the scales of Bulk scale for a period of one month and a week, and the rest of the wheat quantities were stored in Shawn, as well as developed shoun and hangers, in order to maintain the quality of Egyptian wheat.


The implementation of the project began in 2015 on an area of about 20,000 square meters per silo. Using one of the most important technologies, which is represented in placing a truck scale to weigh the wheat sacks loaded in cars, and it is operated through the control room that enables the new system to extract the required quantities of wheat without waste.


In the middle of April of each year, the wheat harvest season begins after it regained its throne and occupied the list of economic and strategic crops in the country. and achieve self-sufficiency from it.


He pointed out that the construction of 6 new silo scales is nearing completion, and work is scheduled to start in the next wheat harvest season, at a cost of 68 million pounds per silo with a capacity of 60,000 tons, while the cost of a silo that can accommodate 90,000 tons is 300 million pounds.


The storage period of wheat in Bulk scale is up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the storage period of wheat in Bulk scale up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the degree of humidity and temperature according to the automated systems used inside the silo.
  The storage capacities have now reached approximately 3.4 million tons of storage capacity, i.e. we are currently storing about 4 and a half months of storage inside the Bulk scale, and the strategic reserve of wheat has now reached 5 months in the Bulk scale, as well as storage in the scales for the Bulk scale of the mills, and what has been achieved in this The field is an objective shift in the Bulk scale, whether in Bulk scale, ports or other Bulk scale.


The total production of domestic wheat reached 9 million tons, and Egypt consumes approximately 16 million tons per year, i.e. we have reached 55% self-sufficiency in wheat, and approximately 45% is imported from abroad through the public and private sectors, approximately 7 million tons. Wheat imported from abroad.


Silo definition

A grain silo is a place for its storage, and it is more developed than a barn, which is only a temporary store for it. A silo is a building equipped to store, load, and unload grain before selling or using it. Bulk scale are usually found in farms, mills, railway stations, and ports, and grains such as barley and wheat are stored in them, as they are the most important Types of granaries in modern times.


Each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – truck scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction and separation system The air is filtered and stored in FS buffers

 


3- It needs a number of hoppers to transport, lift and unload wheat or stored materials. This number is one ground hopper, and it is in the middle of the silo and passes through the bottom of the cement base. The base of the silo is inclined to the starting point of this hopper, and another hopper to transport the wheat from the ground from a cement pool. The grain is also unloaded into it, then another hopper is taken from it to raise the grain to the top of the silo to empty it inside the silo, and it is at the highest point inside the silo, and another hopper is in front of the silo and in the same pond, in order to load the wheat or the stored materials after unloading them directly from the silo to the openings ventilation.


its uses

1- It works to store the product inside it.
2- Equipped with an air crystal and suctions to remove moisture so that fungus does not grow in it, which leads to rotting of raw materials.
3- Equipped with sensors to monitor the raw materials and also know the storage capacity.
4- The Bulk scale are hermetically sealed.
5- There are different production capacities starting from 30 tons.


  Automation of Bulk scale

Most projects and institutions are moving towards digital transformation, with its great importance in changing transactions, saving wasted time, the amount of lost and damaged, and the governance of its system. The same thing is now possible in the scales of Egyptian Bulk scale.
The digital transformation and the system of mechanization of Bulk scale will have a vital role in governing the wheat system and controlling its rhythm, and it will clearly determine the volume of incoming, outgoing and outgoing without the intervention of the human element subject to error, which makes the existing information in the future more accurate and compact.
The digital system, to be implemented, will include the entire storage process, starting from entering the cars loaded with wheat until the completion of the unloading process, through sorting and weighing, with follow-up from those in charge of the electronic control room from the holding company’s headquarters.


Tamper prevention

Work is in full swing towards the digital transformation that the company is implementing in about 22 Bulk scale, revealing that the next season will witness the transformation of 72 Bulk scale of the digital system, which will control and control the supply and storage process in a way that will not allow any manipulation or waste in the near future.
Egypt is a leader in storing grain and protecting it from spoilage in ways that were not known to the world for nearly 7,000 years. Rather, it came to the way the scales work for the Bulk scale themselves with great care, enabling them to protect the grain from moisture and spoilage factors. It was even called the "Grand Shelter of the World".
The Bulk scale were built with domes of clay, and the ancient Egyptians established the smallest shoun in each city to provide the required grain within its scope. Storage places for grain were also found in the temples, and Egypt enjoyed a great position as the basket of the world’s grain that everyone intended for.


The national scale project for grain Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. In Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya, and Mafalaseh in Aswan. It is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.
Within the framework of the Saudi loan projects, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Arab Al-Aleqat silo in Qalyubia with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, and the Fayed silo in Ismailia with a storage capacity Storage of 30,000 tons, the silo of Sidi Ghazi in Kafr El-Sheikh, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and the silo of San Al-Hajar in Sharkia, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


Burj Al Arab silo works:

  It included design, construction, civil works, manufacturing, supply, installation, start-up trials, spare parts and start-up for a number of Mawazine complex for complete metal Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons in a turnkey system. The project consists of (18 Bulk scale - two security rooms - a water tank - a pump room - an electric room - a store - Spare parts building - administrative building - mosque - workshop - weighing scales for loading Bulk scale - scale - click).


Works of scales for bathroom Bulk scale:

It included the establishment of 9 conical storage cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 45 thousand tons, in the city of Hammam, Marsa Matrouh Governorate. Administrative - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pumps room - electric building - workshop building - spare parts building - storage building - truck scale control room - machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - fence and guard towers - storage area Storage area 1750 m2 ).


Works of scales for the morning Bulk scale:

It includes the construction of 12 metal cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 60,000 tons, including: (cranes tower - main tunnels - delivery point - truck scale - scales for loading Bulk scale - scales for dust Bulk scale - administrative building - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pump room - Electricity building - Workshop building - Spare parts building - Storage building - Truck scale control room - Machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - Fence and guard towers).


Stages of project implementation


The first stage


A presidential decree was issued to establish 50 metal Bulk scale inside Egypt, to be implemented in several stages, each with a capacity of 30,000 tons, to store local wheat. Through contacting the donors by providing soft loans to finance the foreign component of these projects and at appropriate times to comply with the implementation timetables, where framework agreements were signed with both the Danish Aid Authority (Al-Dunida) - the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund to finance the first phase of the national project for Bulk scale.

 

Precedence for the Arab Contractors


The Arab Contractors Company took the lead in establishing scales for metal Bulk scale for the account of the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. wheat in Egypt.


Implementation of 15 Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. Damanhour in Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya and Mafalsa in Aswan, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. It follows the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.


Storage capacity of 90 thousand tons


As for the Saudi loan projects, which were funded by the OPEC loan and the Saudi Bank, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90 thousand tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, and the Arab silo Al-Aleqat in Qalyubia has a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, Fayed silo in Ismailia has a storage capacity of 30,000 tons, Sidi Ghazi silo in Kafr El-Sheikh has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and San Al-Hajar silo in Sharkia has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


The latest storage systems


It is noteworthy that each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction system It is separated from the air by a filter and stored in special warehouses in order to preserve the environment.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
The scales for the modern Bulk scale also succeeded in receiving large quantities of wheat from the Mostaqbal Egypt agricultural project, which achieved high productivity this season. He explained that the project plan takes into account the selection of a safe transportation system through the Railway Authority in coordination with the Ministry of Transport.
- The Egyptian government is studying the circulation of one of the special experiences regarding scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by one of the private projects, which is the first project for scales for plastic Bulk scale that is being established in Beni Suef Governorate to store the wheat crop. Of the 3 storage lines, they were implemented according to the highest standards in force in many countries of the world, as they were imported from Australia, one of the most important leading countries in the storage sector.
- This type of scale for Bulk scale does not depend on any human intervention to prevent any contamination of the grain during its storage, and it is based on self-treatment of the grain so that it does not need insect-resistant materials with an automatic system that maintains the quality and purity of the imported and local grain at the same time, as the countries of Ukraine Russia, Argentina and Brazil are among the largest countries that have achieved a breakthrough in this field, and this type of Bulk scale reduces shipping and transportation costs from crops to storage places, and the cost of a ton of scales for plastic Bulk scale does not exceed 100 pounds, while the cost of scales for regular Bulk scale reaches 190 pounds.


The importance of the "National Project for Bulk scale" in light of the Ukrainian crisis

- The war between Russia and Ukraine 2022, and the possibility of Russia and Ukraine leaving the grain export market, sparked widespread controversy over the issue of importing wheat for Egypt, and President Sisi’s urgent directives came to the government to give farmers additional incentives to expand wheat production, in addition to the government’s plan to increase the areas cultivated with this crop. All of this supports Egypt's strategy to secure wheat production.
The Egyptian state has also taken many measures to secure the strategic reserve of the wheat crop, as the state had a forward-looking vision, especially since the strategic reserve of wheat was not sufficient for 12 days in 2017, but now the reserve of wheat has reached the needs of 103 million citizens to four months until Now, knowing that it will reach nine months after harvesting the wheat crop in June 2022, and this is due to the country’s efforts in long-term planning to provide the largest amount of strategic stocks of wheat as one of the strategic crops, as it is the main source for the bread industry, which is the basic food for the vast majority of people. The Egyptians, the idea of expanding the establishment of Bulk scale came in 2015.

This project is considered one of the national projects that the Egyptian state has given special attention to and has allocated private funding and all kinds of support for its modernization and development and the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale. Given the importance of wheat as a major food commodity and the strategic cash crop, the state has established scales for modern Bulk scale in all governorates of the Republic to store and preserve wheat on one level. Storage technology systems in working and modern system application in their management.


The National Bulk scale project is one of the state's plans to preserve food and secure its strategic stock. It included the construction of about 50 Bulk scale, with an estimated storage capacity of 1.5 million tons. distributed over 17 governorates.
The National Bulk scale project includes 50 Bulk scale for storing wheat and grain, to be implemented and established in 17 governorates, with a storage capacity of 1.5 million tons, namely: Bargash in Giza, Mit Ghamr and Sherbin in Dakahlia and Qantara east of North Sinai, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Hehya in Sharkia, Damanhour in Beheira and Sabahiya. In Alexandria, Qena, East Owainat, New Valley, Banha, Qalyubia, Beni Suef, Fayoum, Bahnasa, and Sheikh Fadl.
Egypt now includes 70 Bulk scale at the level of the governorates of the Republic, and they are designed with the latest technology and techniques in the world.
It is expected that the storage capacity in the Bulk scale will increase in 2022 and reach approximately 3.6 million tons as well, with the expansion of the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale, and the wheat stock is now sufficient for more than 4 months and with the receipt of local wheat from farmers as of mid-April each year. The strategic reserve of wheat allocated for subsidized bread production will be increased until November 2022, or the end of the year.
In the context of encouraging farmers to expand wheat cultivation, local wheat for the 2022 season has been received and stored, and the wheat supplied for the 2022 season will be optional for the General Authority for Supply Commodities, provided that the supply season starts from 4-15-2022 until 7-15 -2022, provided that the imported grains are free from insect infestations, sand and gravel, and with a cleanliness of not less than 22.5 carats.

The strategy for doing this project

The number of Bulk scale in Egypt was few, and it was not sufficient for storage, and it was stored in unsecured shrines, and the waste rate reached 15%, meaning that if the state stored 9 million tons, the waste would reach one million tons, and this equals 4.5 billion pounds at the current price. for wheat.


The storage capacity in 2014 was approximately 1.2 million tons of storage, and our monthly consumption of ration wheat was 800 thousand tons of wheat, meaning that the strategic reserve of wheat, which could be stored in the scales of Bulk scale for a period of one month and a week, and the rest of the wheat quantities were stored in Shawn, as well as developed shoun and hangers, in order to maintain the quality of Egyptian wheat.


The implementation of the project began in 2015 on an area of about 20,000 square meters per silo. Using one of the most important technologies, which is represented in placing a truck scale to weigh the wheat sacks loaded in cars, and it is operated through the control room that enables the new system to extract the required quantities of wheat without waste.


In the middle of April of each year, the wheat harvest season begins after it regained its throne and occupied the list of economic and strategic crops in the country. and achieve self-sufficiency from it.


He pointed out that the construction of 6 new silo scales is nearing completion, and work is scheduled to start in the next wheat harvest season, at a cost of 68 million pounds per silo with a capacity of 60,000 tons, while the cost of a silo that can accommodate 90,000 tons is 300 million pounds.


The storage period of wheat in Bulk scale is up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the storage period of wheat in Bulk scale up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the degree of humidity and temperature according to the automated systems used inside the silo.
  The storage capacities have now reached approximately 3.4 million tons of storage capacity, i.e. we are currently storing about 4 and a half months of storage inside the Bulk scale, and the strategic reserve of wheat has now reached 5 months in the Bulk scale, as well as storage in the scales for the Bulk scale of the mills, and what has been achieved in this The field is an objective shift in the Bulk scale, whether in Bulk scale, ports or other Bulk scale.


The total production of domestic wheat reached 9 million tons, and Egypt consumes approximately 16 million tons per year, i.e. we have reached 55% self-sufficiency in wheat, and approximately 45% is imported from abroad through the public and private sectors, approximately 7 million tons. Wheat imported from abroad.


Silo definition

A grain silo is a place for its storage, and it is more developed than a barn, which is only a temporary store for it. A silo is a building equipped to store, load, and unload grain before selling or using it. Bulk scale are usually found in farms, mills, railway stations, and ports, and grains such as barley and wheat are stored in them, as they are the most important Types of granaries in modern times.


Each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – truck scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction and separation system The air is filtered and stored in FS buffers

 


3- It needs a number of hoppers to transport, lift and unload wheat or stored materials. This number is one ground hopper, and it is in the middle of the silo and passes through the bottom of the cement base. The base of the silo is inclined to the starting point of this hopper, and another hopper to transport the wheat from the ground from a cement pool. The grain is also unloaded into it, then another hopper is taken from it to raise the grain to the top of the silo to empty it inside the silo, and it is at the highest point inside the silo, and another hopper is in front of the silo and in the same pond, in order to load the wheat or the stored materials after unloading them directly from the silo to the openings ventilation.


its uses

1- It works to store the product inside it.
2- Equipped with an air crystal and suctions to remove moisture so that fungus does not grow in it, which leads to rotting of raw materials.
3- Equipped with sensors to monitor the raw materials and also know the storage capacity.
4- The Bulk scale are hermetically sealed.
5- There are different production capacities starting from 30 tons.


  Automation of Bulk scale

Most projects and institutions are moving towards digital transformation, with its great importance in changing transactions, saving wasted time, the amount of lost and damaged, and the governance of its system. The same thing is now possible in the scales of Egyptian Bulk scale.
The digital transformation and the system of mechanization of Bulk scale will have a vital role in governing the wheat system and controlling its rhythm, and it will clearly determine the volume of incoming, outgoing and outgoing without the intervention of the human element subject to error, which makes the existing information in the future more accurate and compact.
The digital system, to be implemented, will include the entire storage process, starting from entering the cars loaded with wheat until the completion of the unloading process, through sorting and weighing, with follow-up from those in charge of the electronic control room from the holding company’s headquarters.


Tamper prevention

Work is in full swing towards the digital transformation that the company is implementing in about 22 Bulk scale, revealing that the next season will witness the transformation of 72 Bulk scale of the digital system, which will control and control the supply and storage process in a way that will not allow any manipulation or waste in the near future.
Egypt is a leader in storing grain and protecting it from spoilage in ways that were not known to the world for nearly 7,000 years. Rather, it came to the way the scales work for the Bulk scale themselves with great care, enabling them to protect the grain from moisture and spoilage factors. It was even called the "Grand Shelter of the World".
The Bulk scale were built with domes of clay, and the ancient Egyptians established the smallest shoun in each city to provide the required grain within its scope. Storage places for grain were also found in the temples, and Egypt enjoyed a great position as the basket of the world’s grain that everyone intended for.


The national scale project for grain Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. In Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya, and Mafalaseh in Aswan. It is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.
Within the framework of the Saudi loan projects, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Arab Al-Aleqat silo in Qalyubia with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, and the Fayed silo in Ismailia with a storage capacity Storage of 30,000 tons, the silo of Sidi Ghazi in Kafr El-Sheikh, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and the silo of San Al-Hajar in Sharkia, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


Burj Al Arab silo works:

  It included design, construction, civil works, manufacturing, supply, installation, start-up trials, spare parts and start-up for a number of Mawazine complex for complete metal Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons in a turnkey system. The project consists of (18 Bulk scale - two security rooms - a water tank - a pump room - an electric room - a store - Spare parts building - administrative building - mosque - workshop - weighing scales for loading Bulk scale - scale - click).


Works of scales for bathroom Bulk scale:

It included the establishment of 9 conical storage cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 45 thousand tons, in the city of Hammam, Marsa Matrouh Governorate. Administrative - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pumps room - electric building - workshop building - spare parts building - storage building - truck scale control room - machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - fence and guard towers - storage area Storage area 1750 m2 ).


Works of scales for the morning Bulk scale:

It includes the construction of 12 metal cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 60,000 tons, including: (cranes tower - main tunnels - delivery point - truck scale - scales for loading Bulk scale - scales for dust Bulk scale - administrative building - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pump room - Electricity building - Workshop building - Spare parts building - Storage building - Truck scale control room - Machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - Fence and guard towers).


Stages of project implementation


The first stage


A presidential decree was issued to establish 50 metal Bulk scale inside Egypt, to be implemented in several stages, each with a capacity of 30,000 tons, to store local wheat. Through contacting the donors by providing soft loans to finance the foreign component of these projects and at appropriate times to comply with the implementation timetables, where framework agreements were signed with both the Danish Aid Authority (Al-Dunida) - the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund to finance the first phase of the national project for Bulk scale.

 

Precedence for the Arab Contractors


The Arab Contractors Company took the lead in establishing scales for metal Bulk scale for the account of the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. wheat in Egypt.


Implementation of 15 Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. Damanhour in Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya and Mafalsa in Aswan, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. It follows the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.


Storage capacity of 90 thousand tons


As for the Saudi loan projects, which were funded by the OPEC loan and the Saudi Bank, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90 thousand tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, and the Arab silo Al-Aleqat in Qalyubia has a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, Fayed silo in Ismailia has a storage capacity of 30,000 tons, Sidi Ghazi silo in Kafr El-Sheikh has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and San Al-Hajar silo in Sharkia has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


The latest storage systems


It is noteworthy that each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction system It is separated from the air by a filter and stored in special warehouses in order to preserve the environment.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
The scales for the modern Bulk scale also succeeded in receiving large quantities of wheat from the Mostaqbal Egypt agricultural project, which achieved high productivity this season. He explained that the project plan takes into account the selection of a safe transportation system through the Railway Authority in coordination with the Ministry of Transport.
- The Egyptian government is studying the circulation of one of the special experiences regarding scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by one of the private projects, which is the first project for scales for plastic Bulk scale that is being established in Beni Suef Governorate to store the wheat crop. Of the 3 storage lines, they were implemented according to the highest standards in force in many countries of the world, as they were imported from Australia, one of the most important leading countries in the storage sector.
- This type of scale for Bulk scale does not depend on any human intervention to prevent any contamination of the grain during its storage, and it is based on self-treatment of the grain so that it does not need insect-resistant materials with an automatic system that maintains the quality and purity of the imported and local grain at the same time, as the countries of Ukraine Russia, Argentina and Brazil are among the largest countries that have achieved a breakthrough in this field, and this type of Bulk scale reduces shipping and transportation costs from crops to storage places, and the cost of a ton of scales for plastic Bulk scale does not exceed 100 pounds, while the cost of scales for regular Bulk scale reaches 190 pounds.


The importance of the "National Project for Bulk scale" in light of the Ukrainian crisis

- The war between Russia and Ukraine 2022, and the possibility of Russia and Ukraine leaving the grain export market, sparked widespread controversy over the issue of importing wheat for Egypt, and President Sisi’s urgent directives came to the government to give farmers additional incentives to expand wheat production, in addition to the government’s plan to increase the areas cultivated with this crop. All of this supports Egypt's strategy to secure wheat production.
The Egyptian state has also taken many measures to secure the strategic reserve of the wheat crop, as the state had a forward-looking vision, especially since the strategic reserve of wheat was not sufficient for 12 days in 2017, but now the reserve of wheat has reached the needs of 103 million citizens to four months until Now, knowing that it will reach nine months after harvesting the wheat crop in June 2022, and this is due to the country’s efforts in long-term planning to provide the largest amount of strategic stocks of wheat as one of the strategic crops, as it is the main source for the bread industry, which is the basic food for the vast majority of people. The Egyptians, the idea of expanding the establishment of Bulk scale came in 2015.

This project is considered one of the national projects that the Egyptian state has given special attention to and has allocated private funding and all kinds of support for its modernization and development and the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale. Given the importance of wheat as a major food commodity and the strategic cash crop, the state has established scales for modern Bulk scale in all governorates of the Republic to store and preserve wheat on one level. Storage technology systems in working and modern system application in their management.


The National Bulk scale project is one of the state's plans to preserve food and secure its strategic stock. It included the construction of about 50 Bulk scale, with an estimated storage capacity of 1.5 million tons. distributed over 17 governorates.
The National Bulk scale project includes 50 Bulk scale for storing wheat and grain, to be implemented and established in 17 governorates, with a storage capacity of 1.5 million tons, namely: Bargash in Giza, Mit Ghamr and Sherbin in Dakahlia and Qantara east of North Sinai, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Hehya in Sharkia, Damanhour in Beheira and Sabahiya. In Alexandria, Qena, East Owainat, New Valley, Banha, Qalyubia, Beni Suef, Fayoum, Bahnasa, and Sheikh Fadl.
Egypt now includes 70 Bulk scale at the level of the governorates of the Republic, and they are designed with the latest technology and techniques in the world.
It is expected that the storage capacity in the Bulk scale will increase in 2022 and reach approximately 3.6 million tons as well, with the expansion of the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale, and the wheat stock is now sufficient for more than 4 months and with the receipt of local wheat from farmers as of mid-April each year. The strategic reserve of wheat allocated for subsidized bread production will be increased until November 2022, or the end of the year.
In the context of encouraging farmers to expand wheat cultivation, local wheat for the 2022 season has been received and stored, and the wheat supplied for the 2022 season will be optional for the General Authority for Supply Commodities, provided that the supply season starts from 4-15-2022 until 7-15 -2022, provided that the imported grains are free from insect infestations, sand and gravel, and with a cleanliness of not less than 22.5 carats.

The strategy for doing this project

The number of Bulk scale in Egypt was few, and it was not sufficient for storage, and it was stored in unsecured shrines, and the waste rate reached 15%, meaning that if the state stored 9 million tons, the waste would reach one million tons, and this equals 4.5 billion pounds at the current price. for wheat.


The storage capacity in 2014 was approximately 1.2 million tons of storage, and our monthly consumption of ration wheat was 800 thousand tons of wheat, meaning that the strategic reserve of wheat, which could be stored in the scales of Bulk scale for a period of one month and a week, and the rest of the wheat quantities were stored in Shawn, as well as developed shoun and hangers, in order to maintain the quality of Egyptian wheat.


The implementation of the project began in 2015 on an area of about 20,000 square meters per silo. Using one of the most important technologies, which is represented in placing a truck scale to weigh the wheat sacks loaded in cars, and it is operated through the control room that enables the new system to extract the required quantities of wheat without waste.


In the middle of April of each year, the wheat harvest season begins after it regained its throne and occupied the list of economic and strategic crops in the country. and achieve self-sufficiency from it.


He pointed out that the construction of 6 new silo scales is nearing completion, and work is scheduled to start in the next wheat harvest season, at a cost of 68 million pounds per silo with a capacity of 60,000 tons, while the cost of a silo that can accommodate 90,000 tons is 300 million pounds.


The storage period of wheat in Bulk scale is up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the storage period of wheat in Bulk scale up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the degree of humidity and temperature according to the automated systems used inside the silo.
  The storage capacities have now reached approximately 3.4 million tons of storage capacity, i.e. we are currently storing about 4 and a half months of storage inside the Bulk scale, and the strategic reserve of wheat has now reached 5 months in the Bulk scale, as well as storage in the scales for the Bulk scale of the mills, and what has been achieved in this The field is an objective shift in the Bulk scale, whether in Bulk scale, ports or other Bulk scale.


The total production of domestic wheat reached 9 million tons, and Egypt consumes approximately 16 million tons per year, i.e. we have reached 55% self-sufficiency in wheat, and approximately 45% is imported from abroad through the public and private sectors, approximately 7 million tons. Wheat imported from abroad.


Silo definition

A grain silo is a place for its storage, and it is more developed than a barn, which is only a temporary store for it. A silo is a building equipped to store, load, and unload grain before selling or using it. Bulk scale are usually found in farms, mills, railway stations, and ports, and grains such as barley and wheat are stored in them, as they are the most important Types of granaries in modern times.


Each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – truck scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction and separation system The air is filtered and stored in FS buffers

 


3- It needs a number of hoppers to transport, lift and unload wheat or stored materials. This number is one ground hopper, and it is in the middle of the silo and passes through the bottom of the cement base. The base of the silo is inclined to the starting point of this hopper, and another hopper to transport the wheat from the ground from a cement pool. The grain is also unloaded into it, then another hopper is taken from it to raise the grain to the top of the silo to empty it inside the silo, and it is at the highest point inside the silo, and another hopper is in front of the silo and in the same pond, in order to load the wheat or the stored materials after unloading them directly from the silo to the openings ventilation.


its uses

1- It works to store the product inside it.
2- Equipped with an air crystal and suctions to remove moisture so that fungus does not grow in it, which leads to rotting of raw materials.
3- Equipped with sensors to monitor the raw materials and also know the storage capacity.
4- The Bulk scale are hermetically sealed.
5- There are different production capacities starting from 30 tons.


  Automation of Bulk scale

Most projects and institutions are moving towards digital transformation, with its great importance in changing transactions, saving wasted time, the amount of lost and damaged, and the governance of its system. The same thing is now possible in the scales of Egyptian Bulk scale.
The digital transformation and the system of mechanization of Bulk scale will have a vital role in governing the wheat system and controlling its rhythm, and it will clearly determine the volume of incoming, outgoing and outgoing without the intervention of the human element subject to error, which makes the existing information in the future more accurate and compact.
The digital system, to be implemented, will include the entire storage process, starting from entering the cars loaded with wheat until the completion of the unloading process, through sorting and weighing, with follow-up from those in charge of the electronic control room from the holding company’s headquarters.


Tamper prevention

Work is in full swing towards the digital transformation that the company is implementing in about 22 Bulk scale, revealing that the next season will witness the transformation of 72 Bulk scale of the digital system, which will control and control the supply and storage process in a way that will not allow any manipulation or waste in the near future.
Egypt is a leader in storing grain and protecting it from spoilage in ways that were not known to the world for nearly 7,000 years. Rather, it came to the way the scales work for the Bulk scale themselves with great care, enabling them to protect the grain from moisture and spoilage factors. It was even called the "Grand Shelter of the World".
The Bulk scale were built with domes of clay, and the ancient Egyptians established the smallest shoun in each city to provide the required grain within its scope. Storage places for grain were also found in the temples, and Egypt enjoyed a great position as the basket of the world’s grain that everyone intended for.


The national scale project for grain Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. In Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya, and Mafalaseh in Aswan. It is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.
Within the framework of the Saudi loan projects, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Arab Al-Aleqat silo in Qalyubia with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, and the Fayed silo in Ismailia with a storage capacity Storage of 30,000 tons, the silo of Sidi Ghazi in Kafr El-Sheikh, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and the silo of San Al-Hajar in Sharkia, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


Burj Al Arab silo works:

  It included design, construction, civil works, manufacturing, supply, installation, start-up trials, spare parts and start-up for a number of Mawazine complex for complete metal Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons in a turnkey system. The project consists of (18 Bulk scale - two security rooms - a water tank - a pump room - an electric room - a store - Spare parts building - administrative building - mosque - workshop - weighing scales for loading Bulk scale - scale - click).


Works of scales for bathroom Bulk scale:

It included the establishment of 9 conical storage cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 45 thousand tons, in the city of Hammam, Marsa Matrouh Governorate. Administrative - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pumps room - electric building - workshop building - spare parts building - storage building - truck scale control room - machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - fence and guard towers - storage area Storage area 1750 m2 ).


Works of scales for the morning Bulk scale:

It includes the construction of 12 metal cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 60,000 tons, including: (cranes tower - main tunnels - delivery point - truck scale - scales for loading Bulk scale - scales for dust Bulk scale - administrative building - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pump room - Electricity building - Workshop building - Spare parts building - Storage building - Truck scale control room - Machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - Fence and guard towers).


Stages of project implementation


The first stage


A presidential decree was issued to establish 50 metal Bulk scale inside Egypt, to be implemented in several stages, each with a capacity of 30,000 tons, to store local wheat. Through contacting the donors by providing soft loans to finance the foreign component of these projects and at appropriate times to comply with the implementation timetables, where framework agreements were signed with both the Danish Aid Authority (Al-Dunida) - the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund to finance the first phase of the national project for Bulk scale.

 

Precedence for the Arab Contractors


The Arab Contractors Company took the lead in establishing scales for metal Bulk scale for the account of the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. wheat in Egypt.


Implementation of 15 Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. Damanhour in Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya and Mafalsa in Aswan, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. It follows the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.


Storage capacity of 90 thousand tons


As for the Saudi loan projects, which were funded by the OPEC loan and the Saudi Bank, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90 thousand tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, and the Arab silo Al-Aleqat in Qalyubia has a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, Fayed silo in Ismailia has a storage capacity of 30,000 tons, Sidi Ghazi silo in Kafr El-Sheikh has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and San Al-Hajar silo in Sharkia has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


The latest storage systems


It is noteworthy that each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction system It is separated from the air by a filter and stored in special warehouses in order to preserve the environment.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
The scales for the modern Bulk scale also succeeded in receiving large quantities of wheat from the Mostaqbal Egypt agricultural project, which achieved high productivity this season. He explained that the project plan takes into account the selection of a safe transportation system through the Railway Authority in coordination with the Ministry of Transport.
- The Egyptian government is studying the circulation of one of the special experiences regarding scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by one of the private projects, which is the first project for scales for plastic Bulk scale that is being established in Beni Suef Governorate to store the wheat crop. Of the 3 storage lines, they were implemented according to the highest standards in force in many countries of the world, as they were imported from Australia, one of the most important leading countries in the storage sector.
- This type of scale for Bulk scale does not depend on any human intervention to prevent any contamination of the grain during its storage, and it is based on self-treatment of the grain so that it does not need insect-resistant materials with an automatic system that maintains the quality and purity of the imported and local grain at the same time, as the countries of Ukraine Russia, Argentina and Brazil are among the largest countries that have achieved a breakthrough in this field, and this type of Bulk scale reduces shipping and transportation costs from crops to storage places, and the cost of a ton of scales for plastic Bulk scale does not exceed 100 pounds, while the cost of scales for regular Bulk scale reaches 190 pounds.


The importance of the "National Project for Bulk scale" in light of the Ukrainian crisis

- The war between Russia and Ukraine 2022, and the possibility of Russia and Ukraine leaving the grain export market, sparked widespread controversy over the issue of importing wheat for Egypt, and President Sisi’s urgent directives came to the government to give farmers additional incentives to expand wheat production, in addition to the government’s plan to increase the areas cultivated with this crop. All of this supports Egypt's strategy to secure wheat production.
The Egyptian state has also taken many measures to secure the strategic reserve of the wheat crop, as the state had a forward-looking vision, especially since the strategic reserve of wheat was not sufficient for 12 days in 2017, but now the reserve of wheat has reached the needs of 103 million citizens to four months until Now, knowing that it will reach nine months after harvesting the wheat crop in June 2022, and this is due to the country’s efforts in long-term planning to provide the largest amount of strategic stocks of wheat as one of the strategic crops, as it is the main source for the bread industry, which is the basic food for the vast majority of people. The Egyptians, the idea of expanding the establishment of Bulk scale came in 2015.

This project is considered one of the national projects that the Egyptian state has given special attention to and has allocated private funding and all kinds of support for its modernization and development and the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale. Given the importance of wheat as a major food commodity and the strategic cash crop, the state has established scales for modern Bulk scale in all governorates of the Republic to store and preserve wheat on one level. Storage technology systems in working and modern system application in their management.


The National Bulk scale project is one of the state's plans to preserve food and secure its strategic stock. It included the construction of about 50 Bulk scale, with an estimated storage capacity of 1.5 million tons. distributed over 17 governorates.
The National Bulk scale project includes 50 Bulk scale for storing wheat and grain, to be implemented and established in 17 governorates, with a storage capacity of 1.5 million tons, namely: Bargash in Giza, Mit Ghamr and Sherbin in Dakahlia and Qantara east of North Sinai, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Hehya in Sharkia, Damanhour in Beheira and Sabahiya. In Alexandria, Qena, East Owainat, New Valley, Banha, Qalyubia, Beni Suef, Fayoum, Bahnasa, and Sheikh Fadl.
Egypt now includes 70 Bulk scale at the level of the governorates of the Republic, and they are designed with the latest technology and techniques in the world.
It is expected that the storage capacity in the Bulk scale will increase in 2022 and reach approximately 3.6 million tons as well, with the expansion of the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale, and the wheat stock is now sufficient for more than 4 months and with the receipt of local wheat from farmers as of mid-April each year. The strategic reserve of wheat allocated for subsidized bread production will be increased until November 2022, or the end of the year.
In the context of encouraging farmers to expand wheat cultivation, local wheat for the 2022 season has been received and stored, and the wheat supplied for the 2022 season will be optional for the General Authority for Supply Commodities, provided that the supply season starts from 4-15-2022 until 7-15 -2022, provided that the imported grains are free from insect infestations, sand and gravel, and with a cleanliness of not less than 22.5 carats.

The strategy for doing this project

The number of Bulk scale in Egypt was few, and it was not sufficient for storage, and it was stored in unsecured shrines, and the waste rate reached 15%, meaning that if the state stored 9 million tons, the waste would reach one million tons, and this equals 4.5 billion pounds at the current price. for wheat.


The storage capacity in 2014 was approximately 1.2 million tons of storage, and our monthly consumption of ration wheat was 800 thousand tons of wheat, meaning that the strategic reserve of wheat, which could be stored in the scales of Bulk scale for a period of one month and a week, and the rest of the wheat quantities were stored in Shawn, as well as developed shoun and hangers, in order to maintain the quality of Egyptian wheat.


The implementation of the project began in 2015 on an area of about 20,000 square meters per silo. Using one of the most important technologies, which is represented in placing a truck scale to weigh the wheat sacks loaded in cars, and it is operated through the control room that enables the new system to extract the required quantities of wheat without waste.


In the middle of April of each year, the wheat harvest season begins after it regained its throne and occupied the list of economic and strategic crops in the country. and achieve self-sufficiency from it.


He pointed out that the construction of 6 new silo scales is nearing completion, and work is scheduled to start in the next wheat harvest season, at a cost of 68 million pounds per silo with a capacity of 60,000 tons, while the cost of a silo that can accommodate 90,000 tons is 300 million pounds.


The storage period of wheat in Bulk scale is up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the storage period of wheat in Bulk scale up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the degree of humidity and temperature according to the automated systems used inside the silo.
  The storage capacities have now reached approximately 3.4 million tons of storage capacity, i.e. we are currently storing about 4 and a half months of storage inside the Bulk scale, and the strategic reserve of wheat has now reached 5 months in the Bulk scale, as well as storage in the scales for the Bulk scale of the mills, and what has been achieved in this The field is an objective shift in the Bulk scale, whether in Bulk scale, ports or other Bulk scale.


The total production of domestic wheat reached 9 million tons, and Egypt consumes approximately 16 million tons per year, i.e. we have reached 55% self-sufficiency in wheat, and approximately 45% is imported from abroad through the public and private sectors, approximately 7 million tons. Wheat imported from abroad.


Silo definition

A grain silo is a place for its storage, and it is more developed than a barn, which is only a temporary store for it. A silo is a building equipped to store, load, and unload grain before selling or using it. Bulk scale are usually found in farms, mills, railway stations, and ports, and grains such as barley and wheat are stored in them, as they are the most important Types of granaries in modern times.


Each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – truck scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction and separation system The air is filtered and stored in FS buffers

 


3- It needs a number of hoppers to transport, lift and unload wheat or stored materials. This number is one ground hopper, and it is in the middle of the silo and passes through the bottom of the cement base. The base of the silo is inclined to the starting point of this hopper, and another hopper to transport the wheat from the ground from a cement pool. The grain is also unloaded into it, then another hopper is taken from it to raise the grain to the top of the silo to empty it inside the silo, and it is at the highest point inside the silo, and another hopper is in front of the silo and in the same pond, in order to load the wheat or the stored materials after unloading them directly from the silo to the openings ventilation.


its uses

1- It works to store the product inside it.
2- Equipped with an air crystal and suctions to remove moisture so that fungus does not grow in it, which leads to rotting of raw materials.
3- Equipped with sensors to monitor the raw materials and also know the storage capacity.
4- The Bulk scale are hermetically sealed.
5- There are different production capacities starting from 30 tons.


  Automation of Bulk scale

Most projects and institutions are moving towards digital transformation, with its great importance in changing transactions, saving wasted time, the amount of lost and damaged, and the governance of its system. The same thing is now possible in the scales of Egyptian Bulk scale.
The digital transformation and the system of mechanization of Bulk scale will have a vital role in governing the wheat system and controlling its rhythm, and it will clearly determine the volume of incoming, outgoing and outgoing without the intervention of the human element subject to error, which makes the existing information in the future more accurate and compact.
The digital system, to be implemented, will include the entire storage process, starting from entering the cars loaded with wheat until the completion of the unloading process, through sorting and weighing, with follow-up from those in charge of the electronic control room from the holding company’s headquarters.


Tamper prevention

Work is in full swing towards the digital transformation that the company is implementing in about 22 Bulk scale, revealing that the next season will witness the transformation of 72 Bulk scale of the digital system, which will control and control the supply and storage process in a way that will not allow any manipulation or waste in the near future.
Egypt is a leader in storing grain and protecting it from spoilage in ways that were not known to the world for nearly 7,000 years. Rather, it came to the way the scales work for the Bulk scale themselves with great care, enabling them to protect the grain from moisture and spoilage factors. It was even called the "Grand Shelter of the World".
The Bulk scale were built with domes of clay, and the ancient Egyptians established the smallest shoun in each city to provide the required grain within its scope. Storage places for grain were also found in the temples, and Egypt enjoyed a great position as the basket of the world’s grain that everyone intended for.


The national scale project for grain Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. In Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya, and Mafalaseh in Aswan. It is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.
Within the framework of the Saudi loan projects, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Arab Al-Aleqat silo in Qalyubia with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, and the Fayed silo in Ismailia with a storage capacity Storage of 30,000 tons, the silo of Sidi Ghazi in Kafr El-Sheikh, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and the silo of San Al-Hajar in Sharkia, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


Burj Al Arab silo works:

  It included design, construction, civil works, manufacturing, supply, installation, start-up trials, spare parts and start-up for a number of Mawazine complex for complete metal Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons in a turnkey system. The project consists of (18 Bulk scale - two security rooms - a water tank - a pump room - an electric room - a store - Spare parts building - administrative building - mosque - workshop - weighing scales for loading Bulk scale - scale - click).


Works of scales for bathroom Bulk scale:

It included the establishment of 9 conical storage cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 45 thousand tons, in the city of Hammam, Marsa Matrouh Governorate. Administrative - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pumps room - electric building - workshop building - spare parts building - storage building - truck scale control room - machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - fence and guard towers - storage area Storage area 1750 m2 ).


Works of scales for the morning Bulk scale:

It includes the construction of 12 metal cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 60,000 tons, including: (cranes tower - main tunnels - delivery point - truck scale - scales for loading Bulk scale - scales for dust Bulk scale - administrative building - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pump room - Electricity building - Workshop building - Spare parts building - Storage building - Truck scale control room - Machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - Fence and guard towers).


Stages of project implementation


The first stage


A presidential decree was issued to establish 50 metal Bulk scale inside Egypt, to be implemented in several stages, each with a capacity of 30,000 tons, to store local wheat. Through contacting the donors by providing soft loans to finance the foreign component of these projects and at appropriate times to comply with the implementation timetables, where framework agreements were signed with both the Danish Aid Authority (Al-Dunida) - the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund to finance the first phase of the national project for Bulk scale.

 

Precedence for the Arab Contractors


The Arab Contractors Company took the lead in establishing scales for metal Bulk scale for the account of the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. wheat in Egypt.


Implementation of 15 Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. Damanhour in Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya and Mafalsa in Aswan, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. It follows the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.


Storage capacity of 90 thousand tons


As for the Saudi loan projects, which were funded by the OPEC loan and the Saudi Bank, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90 thousand tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, and the Arab silo Al-Aleqat in Qalyubia has a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, Fayed silo in Ismailia has a storage capacity of 30,000 tons, Sidi Ghazi silo in Kafr El-Sheikh has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and San Al-Hajar silo in Sharkia has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


The latest storage systems


It is noteworthy that each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction system It is separated from the air by a filter and stored in special warehouses in order to preserve the environment.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
The scales for the modern Bulk scale also succeeded in receiving large quantities of wheat from the Mostaqbal Egypt agricultural project, which achieved high productivity this season. He explained that the project plan takes into account the selection of a safe transportation system through the Railway Authority in coordination with the Ministry of Transport.
- The Egyptian government is studying the circulation of one of the special experiences regarding scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by one of the private projects, which is the first project for scales for plastic Bulk scale that is being established in Beni Suef Governorate to store the wheat crop. Of the 3 storage lines, they were implemented according to the highest standards in force in many countries of the world, as they were imported from Australia, one of the most important leading countries in the storage sector.
- This type of scale for Bulk scale does not depend on any human intervention to prevent any contamination of the grain during its storage, and it is based on self-treatment of the grain so that it does not need insect-resistant materials with an automatic system that maintains the quality and purity of the imported and local grain at the same time, as the countries of Ukraine Russia, Argentina and Brazil are among the largest countries that have achieved a breakthrough in this field, and this type of Bulk scale reduces shipping and transportation costs from crops to storage places, and the cost of a ton of scales for plastic Bulk scale does not exceed 100 pounds, while the cost of scales for regular Bulk scale reaches 190 pounds.


The importance of the "National Project for Bulk scale" in light of the Ukrainian crisis

- The war between Russia and Ukraine 2022, and the possibility of Russia and Ukraine leaving the grain export market, sparked widespread controversy over the issue of importing wheat for Egypt, and President Sisi’s urgent directives came to the government to give farmers additional incentives to expand wheat production, in addition to the government’s plan to increase the areas cultivated with this crop. All of this supports Egypt's strategy to secure wheat production.
The Egyptian state has also taken many measures to secure the strategic reserve of the wheat crop, as the state had a forward-looking vision, especially since the strategic reserve of wheat was not sufficient for 12 days in 2017, but now the reserve of wheat has reached the needs of 103 million citizens to four months until Now, knowing that it will reach nine months after harvesting the wheat crop in June 2022, and this is due to the country’s efforts in long-term planning to provide the largest amount of strategic stocks of wheat as one of the strategic crops, as it is the main source for the bread industry, which is the basic food for the vast majority of people. The Egyptians, the idea of expanding the establishment of Bulk scale came in 2015.

This project is considered one of the national projects that the Egyptian state has given special attention to and has allocated private funding and all kinds of support for its modernization and development and the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale. Given the importance of wheat as a major food commodity and the strategic cash crop, the state has established scales for modern Bulk scale in all governorates of the Republic to store and preserve wheat on one level. Storage technology systems in working and modern system application in their management.


The National Bulk scale project is one of the state's plans to preserve food and secure its strategic stock. It included the construction of about 50 Bulk scale, with an estimated storage capacity of 1.5 million tons. distributed over 17 governorates.
The National Bulk scale project includes 50 Bulk scale for storing wheat and grain, to be implemented and established in 17 governorates, with a storage capacity of 1.5 million tons, namely: Bargash in Giza, Mit Ghamr and Sherbin in Dakahlia and Qantara east of North Sinai, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Hehya in Sharkia, Damanhour in Beheira and Sabahiya. In Alexandria, Qena, East Owainat, New Valley, Banha, Qalyubia, Beni Suef, Fayoum, Bahnasa, and Sheikh Fadl.
Egypt now includes 70 Bulk scale at the level of the governorates of the Republic, and they are designed with the latest technology and techniques in the world.
It is expected that the storage capacity in the Bulk scale will increase in 2022 and reach approximately 3.6 million tons as well, with the expansion of the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale, and the wheat stock is now sufficient for more than 4 months and with the receipt of local wheat from farmers as of mid-April each year. The strategic reserve of wheat allocated for subsidized bread production will be increased until November 2022, or the end of the year.
In the context of encouraging farmers to expand wheat cultivation, local wheat for the 2022 season has been received and stored, and the wheat supplied for the 2022 season will be optional for the General Authority for Supply Commodities, provided that the supply season starts from 4-15-2022 until 7-15 -2022, provided that the imported grains are free from insect infestations, sand and gravel, and with a cleanliness of not less than 22.5 carats.

The strategy for doing this project

The number of Bulk scale in Egypt was few, and it was not sufficient for storage, and it was stored in unsecured shrines, and the waste rate reached 15%, meaning that if the state stored 9 million tons, the waste would reach one million tons, and this equals 4.5 billion pounds at the current price. for wheat.


The storage capacity in 2014 was approximately 1.2 million tons of storage, and our monthly consumption of ration wheat was 800 thousand tons of wheat, meaning that the strategic reserve of wheat, which could be stored in the scales of Bulk scale for a period of one month and a week, and the rest of the wheat quantities were stored in Shawn, as well as developed shoun and hangers, in order to maintain the quality of Egyptian wheat.


The implementation of the project began in 2015 on an area of about 20,000 square meters per silo. Using one of the most important technologies, which is represented in placing a truck scale to weigh the wheat sacks loaded in cars, and it is operated through the control room that enables the new system to extract the required quantities of wheat without waste.


In the middle of April of each year, the wheat harvest season begins after it regained its throne and occupied the list of economic and strategic crops in the country. and achieve self-sufficiency from it.


He pointed out that the construction of 6 new silo scales is nearing completion, and work is scheduled to start in the next wheat harvest season, at a cost of 68 million pounds per silo with a capacity of 60,000 tons, while the cost of a silo that can accommodate 90,000 tons is 300 million pounds.


The storage period of wheat in Bulk scale is up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the storage period of wheat in Bulk scale up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the degree of humidity and temperature according to the automated systems used inside the silo.
  The storage capacities have now reached approximately 3.4 million tons of storage capacity, i.e. we are currently storing about 4 and a half months of storage inside the Bulk scale, and the strategic reserve of wheat has now reached 5 months in the Bulk scale, as well as storage in the scales for the Bulk scale of the mills, and what has been achieved in this The field is an objective shift in the Bulk scale, whether in Bulk scale, ports or other Bulk scale.


The total production of domestic wheat reached 9 million tons, and Egypt consumes approximately 16 million tons per year, i.e. we have reached 55% self-sufficiency in wheat, and approximately 45% is imported from abroad through the public and private sectors, approximately 7 million tons. Wheat imported from abroad.


Silo definition

A grain silo is a place for its storage, and it is more developed than a barn, which is only a temporary store for it. A silo is a building equipped to store, load, and unload grain before selling or using it. Bulk scale are usually found in farms, mills, railway stations, and ports, and grains such as barley and wheat are stored in them, as they are the most important Types of granaries in modern times.


Each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – truck scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction and separation system The air is filtered and stored in FS buffers

 


3- It needs a number of hoppers to transport, lift and unload wheat or stored materials. This number is one ground hopper, and it is in the middle of the silo and passes through the bottom of the cement base. The base of the silo is inclined to the starting point of this hopper, and another hopper to transport the wheat from the ground from a cement pool. The grain is also unloaded into it, then another hopper is taken from it to raise the grain to the top of the silo to empty it inside the silo, and it is at the highest point inside the silo, and another hopper is in front of the silo and in the same pond, in order to load the wheat or the stored materials after unloading them directly from the silo to the openings ventilation.


its uses

1- It works to store the product inside it.
2- Equipped with an air crystal and suctions to remove moisture so that fungus does not grow in it, which leads to rotting of raw materials.
3- Equipped with sensors to monitor the raw materials and also know the storage capacity.
4- The Bulk scale are hermetically sealed.
5- There are different production capacities starting from 30 tons.


  Automation of Bulk scale

Most projects and institutions are moving towards digital transformation, with its great importance in changing transactions, saving wasted time, the amount of lost and damaged, and the governance of its system. The same thing is now possible in the scales of Egyptian Bulk scale.
The digital transformation and the system of mechanization of Bulk scale will have a vital role in governing the wheat system and controlling its rhythm, and it will clearly determine the volume of incoming, outgoing and outgoing without the intervention of the human element subject to error, which makes the existing information in the future more accurate and compact.
The digital system, to be implemented, will include the entire storage process, starting from entering the cars loaded with wheat until the completion of the unloading process, through sorting and weighing, with follow-up from those in charge of the electronic control room from the holding company’s headquarters.


Tamper prevention

Work is in full swing towards the digital transformation that the company is implementing in about 22 Bulk scale, revealing that the next season will witness the transformation of 72 Bulk scale of the digital system, which will control and control the supply and storage process in a way that will not allow any manipulation or waste in the near future.
Egypt is a leader in storing grain and protecting it from spoilage in ways that were not known to the world for nearly 7,000 years. Rather, it came to the way the scales work for the Bulk scale themselves with great care, enabling them to protect the grain from moisture and spoilage factors. It was even called the "Grand Shelter of the World".
The Bulk scale were built with domes of clay, and the ancient Egyptians established the smallest shoun in each city to provide the required grain within its scope. Storage places for grain were also found in the temples, and Egypt enjoyed a great position as the basket of the world’s grain that everyone intended for.


The national scale project for grain Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. In Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya, and Mafalaseh in Aswan. It is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.
Within the framework of the Saudi loan projects, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Arab Al-Aleqat silo in Qalyubia with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, and the Fayed silo in Ismailia with a storage capacity Storage of 30,000 tons, the silo of Sidi Ghazi in Kafr El-Sheikh, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and the silo of San Al-Hajar in Sharkia, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


Burj Al Arab silo works:

  It included design, construction, civil works, manufacturing, supply, installation, start-up trials, spare parts and start-up for a number of Mawazine complex for complete metal Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons in a turnkey system. The project consists of (18 Bulk scale - two security rooms - a water tank - a pump room - an electric room - a store - Spare parts building - administrative building - mosque - workshop - weighing scales for loading Bulk scale - scale - click).


Works of scales for bathroom Bulk scale:

It included the establishment of 9 conical storage cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 45 thousand tons, in the city of Hammam, Marsa Matrouh Governorate. Administrative - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pumps room - electric building - workshop building - spare parts building - storage building - truck scale control room - machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - fence and guard towers - storage area Storage area 1750 m2 ).


Works of scales for the morning Bulk scale:

It includes the construction of 12 metal cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 60,000 tons, including: (cranes tower - main tunnels - delivery point - truck scale - scales for loading Bulk scale - scales for dust Bulk scale - administrative building - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pump room - Electricity building - Workshop building - Spare parts building - Storage building - Truck scale control room - Machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - Fence and guard towers).


Stages of project implementation


The first stage


A presidential decree was issued to establish 50 metal Bulk scale inside Egypt, to be implemented in several stages, each with a capacity of 30,000 tons, to store local wheat. Through contacting the donors by providing soft loans to finance the foreign component of these projects and at appropriate times to comply with the implementation timetables, where framework agreements were signed with both the Danish Aid Authority (Al-Dunida) - the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund to finance the first phase of the national project for Bulk scale.

 

Precedence for the Arab Contractors


The Arab Contractors Company took the lead in establishing scales for metal Bulk scale for the account of the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. wheat in Egypt.


Implementation of 15 Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. Damanhour in Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya and Mafalsa in Aswan, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. It follows the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.


Storage capacity of 90 thousand tons


As for the Saudi loan projects, which were funded by the OPEC loan and the Saudi Bank, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90 thousand tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, and the Arab silo Al-Aleqat in Qalyubia has a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, Fayed silo in Ismailia has a storage capacity of 30,000 tons, Sidi Ghazi silo in Kafr El-Sheikh has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and San Al-Hajar silo in Sharkia has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


The latest storage systems


It is noteworthy that each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction system It is separated from the air by a filter and stored in special warehouses in order to preserve the environment.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
The scales for the modern Bulk scale also succeeded in receiving large quantities of wheat from the Mostaqbal Egypt agricultural project, which achieved high productivity this season. He explained that the project plan takes into account the selection of a safe transportation system through the Railway Authority in coordination with the Ministry of Transport.
- The Egyptian government is studying the circulation of one of the special experiences regarding scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by one of the private projects, which is the first project for scales for plastic Bulk scale that is being established in Beni Suef Governorate to store the wheat crop. Of the 3 storage lines, they were implemented according to the highest standards in force in many countries of the world, as they were imported from Australia, one of the most important leading countries in the storage sector.
- This type of scale for Bulk scale does not depend on any human intervention to prevent any contamination of the grain during its storage, and it is based on self-treatment of the grain so that it does not need insect-resistant materials with an automatic system that maintains the quality and purity of the imported and local grain at the same time, as the countries of Ukraine Russia, Argentina and Brazil are among the largest countries that have achieved a breakthrough in this field, and this type of Bulk scale reduces shipping and transportation costs from crops to storage places, and the cost of a ton of scales for plastic Bulk scale does not exceed 100 pounds, while the cost of scales for regular Bulk scale reaches 190 pounds.


The importance of the "National Project for Bulk scale" in light of the Ukrainian crisis

- The war between Russia and Ukraine 2022, and the possibility of Russia and Ukraine leaving the grain export market, sparked widespread controversy over the issue of importing wheat for Egypt, and President Sisi’s urgent directives came to the government to give farmers additional incentives to expand wheat production, in addition to the government’s plan to increase the areas cultivated with this crop. All of this supports Egypt's strategy to secure wheat production.
The Egyptian state has also taken many measures to secure the strategic reserve of the wheat crop, as the state had a forward-looking vision, especially since the strategic reserve of wheat was not sufficient for 12 days in 2017, but now the reserve of wheat has reached the needs of 103 million citizens to four months until Now, knowing that it will reach nine months after harvesting the wheat crop in June 2022, and this is due to the country’s efforts in long-term planning to provide the largest amount of strategic stocks of wheat as one of the strategic crops, as it is the main source for the bread industry, which is the basic food for the vast majority of people. The Egyptians, the idea of expanding the establishment of Bulk scale came in 2015.

This project is considered one of the national projects that the Egyptian state has given special attention to and has allocated private funding and all kinds of support for its modernization and development and the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale. Given the importance of wheat as a major food commodity and the strategic cash crop, the state has established scales for modern Bulk scale in all governorates of the Republic to store and preserve wheat on one level. Storage technology systems in working and modern system application in their management.


The National Bulk scale project is one of the state's plans to preserve food and secure its strategic stock. It included the construction of about 50 Bulk scale, with an estimated storage capacity of 1.5 million tons. distributed over 17 governorates.
The National Bulk scale project includes 50 Bulk scale for storing wheat and grain, to be implemented and established in 17 governorates, with a storage capacity of 1.5 million tons, namely: Bargash in Giza, Mit Ghamr and Sherbin in Dakahlia and Qantara east of North Sinai, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Hehya in Sharkia, Damanhour in Beheira and Sabahiya. In Alexandria, Qena, East Owainat, New Valley, Banha, Qalyubia, Beni Suef, Fayoum, Bahnasa, and Sheikh Fadl.
Egypt now includes 70 Bulk scale at the level of the governorates of the Republic, and they are designed with the latest technology and techniques in the world.
It is expected that the storage capacity in the Bulk scale will increase in 2022 and reach approximately 3.6 million tons as well, with the expansion of the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale, and the wheat stock is now sufficient for more than 4 months and with the receipt of local wheat from farmers as of mid-April each year. The strategic reserve of wheat allocated for subsidized bread production will be increased until November 2022, or the end of the year.
In the context of encouraging farmers to expand wheat cultivation, local wheat for the 2022 season has been received and stored, and the wheat supplied for the 2022 season will be optional for the General Authority for Supply Commodities, provided that the supply season starts from 4-15-2022 until 7-15 -2022, provided that the imported grains are free from insect infestations, sand and gravel, and with a cleanliness of not less than 22.5 carats.

The strategy for doing this project

The number of Bulk scale in Egypt was few, and it was not sufficient for storage, and it was stored in unsecured shrines, and the waste rate reached 15%, meaning that if the state stored 9 million tons, the waste would reach one million tons, and this equals 4.5 billion pounds at the current price. for wheat.


The storage capacity in 2014 was approximately 1.2 million tons of storage, and our monthly consumption of ration wheat was 800 thousand tons of wheat, meaning that the strategic reserve of wheat, which could be stored in the scales of Bulk scale for a period of one month and a week, and the rest of the wheat quantities were stored in Shawn, as well as developed shoun and hangers, in order to maintain the quality of Egyptian wheat.


The implementation of the project began in 2015 on an area of about 20,000 square meters per silo. Using one of the most important technologies, which is represented in placing a truck scale to weigh the wheat sacks loaded in cars, and it is operated through the control room that enables the new system to extract the required quantities of wheat without waste.


In the middle of April of each year, the wheat harvest season begins after it regained its throne and occupied the list of economic and strategic crops in the country. and achieve self-sufficiency from it.


He pointed out that the construction of 6 new silo scales is nearing completion, and work is scheduled to start in the next wheat harvest season, at a cost of 68 million pounds per silo with a capacity of 60,000 tons, while the cost of a silo that can accommodate 90,000 tons is 300 million pounds.


The storage period of wheat in Bulk scale is up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the storage period of wheat in Bulk scale up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the degree of humidity and temperature according to the automated systems used inside the silo.
  The storage capacities have now reached approximately 3.4 million tons of storage capacity, i.e. we are currently storing about 4 and a half months of storage inside the Bulk scale, and the strategic reserve of wheat has now reached 5 months in the Bulk scale, as well as storage in the scales for the Bulk scale of the mills, and what has been achieved in this The field is an objective shift in the Bulk scale, whether in Bulk scale, ports or other Bulk scale.


The total production of domestic wheat reached 9 million tons, and Egypt consumes approximately 16 million tons per year, i.e. we have reached 55% self-sufficiency in wheat, and approximately 45% is imported from abroad through the public and private sectors, approximately 7 million tons. Wheat imported from abroad.


Silo definition

A grain silo is a place for its storage, and it is more developed than a barn, which is only a temporary store for it. A silo is a building equipped to store, load, and unload grain before selling or using it. Bulk scale are usually found in farms, mills, railway stations, and ports, and grains such as barley and wheat are stored in them, as they are the most important Types of granaries in modern times.


Each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – truck scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction and separation system The air is filtered and stored in FS buffers

 


3- It needs a number of hoppers to transport, lift and unload wheat or stored materials. This number is one ground hopper, and it is in the middle of the silo and passes through the bottom of the cement base. The base of the silo is inclined to the starting point of this hopper, and another hopper to transport the wheat from the ground from a cement pool. The grain is also unloaded into it, then another hopper is taken from it to raise the grain to the top of the silo to empty it inside the silo, and it is at the highest point inside the silo, and another hopper is in front of the silo and in the same pond, in order to load the wheat or the stored materials after unloading them directly from the silo to the openings ventilation.


its uses

1- It works to store the product inside it.
2- Equipped with an air crystal and suctions to remove moisture so that fungus does not grow in it, which leads to rotting of raw materials.
3- Equipped with sensors to monitor the raw materials and also know the storage capacity.
4- The Bulk scale are hermetically sealed.
5- There are different production capacities starting from 30 tons.


  Automation of Bulk scale

Most projects and institutions are moving towards digital transformation, with its great importance in changing transactions, saving wasted time, the amount of lost and damaged, and the governance of its system. The same thing is now possible in the scales of Egyptian Bulk scale.
The digital transformation and the system of mechanization of Bulk scale will have a vital role in governing the wheat system and controlling its rhythm, and it will clearly determine the volume of incoming, outgoing and outgoing without the intervention of the human element subject to error, which makes the existing information in the future more accurate and compact.
The digital system, to be implemented, will include the entire storage process, starting from entering the cars loaded with wheat until the completion of the unloading process, through sorting and weighing, with follow-up from those in charge of the electronic control room from the holding company’s headquarters.


Tamper prevention

Work is in full swing towards the digital transformation that the company is implementing in about 22 Bulk scale, revealing that the next season will witness the transformation of 72 Bulk scale of the digital system, which will control and control the supply and storage process in a way that will not allow any manipulation or waste in the near future.
Egypt is a leader in storing grain and protecting it from spoilage in ways that were not known to the world for nearly 7,000 years. Rather, it came to the way the scales work for the Bulk scale themselves with great care, enabling them to protect the grain from moisture and spoilage factors. It was even called the "Grand Shelter of the World".
The Bulk scale were built with domes of clay, and the ancient Egyptians established the smallest shoun in each city to provide the required grain within its scope. Storage places for grain were also found in the temples, and Egypt enjoyed a great position as the basket of the world’s grain that everyone intended for.


The national scale project for grain Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. In Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya, and Mafalaseh in Aswan. It is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.
Within the framework of the Saudi loan projects, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Arab Al-Aleqat silo in Qalyubia with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, and the Fayed silo in Ismailia with a storage capacity Storage of 30,000 tons, the silo of Sidi Ghazi in Kafr El-Sheikh, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and the silo of San Al-Hajar in Sharkia, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


Burj Al Arab silo works:

  It included design, construction, civil works, manufacturing, supply, installation, start-up trials, spare parts and start-up for a number of Mawazine complex for complete metal Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons in a turnkey system. The project consists of (18 Bulk scale - two security rooms - a water tank - a pump room - an electric room - a store - Spare parts building - administrative building - mosque - workshop - weighing scales for loading Bulk scale - scale - click).


Works of scales for bathroom Bulk scale:

It included the establishment of 9 conical storage cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 45 thousand tons, in the city of Hammam, Marsa Matrouh Governorate. Administrative - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pumps room - electric building - workshop building - spare parts building - storage building - truck scale control room - machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - fence and guard towers - storage area Storage area 1750 m2 ).


Works of scales for the morning Bulk scale:

It includes the construction of 12 metal cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 60,000 tons, including: (cranes tower - main tunnels - delivery point - truck scale - scales for loading Bulk scale - scales for dust Bulk scale - administrative building - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pump room - Electricity building - Workshop building - Spare parts building - Storage building - Truck scale control room - Machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - Fence and guard towers).


Stages of project implementation


The first stage


A presidential decree was issued to establish 50 metal Bulk scale inside Egypt, to be implemented in several stages, each with a capacity of 30,000 tons, to store local wheat. Through contacting the donors by providing soft loans to finance the foreign component of these projects and at appropriate times to comply with the implementation timetables, where framework agreements were signed with both the Danish Aid Authority (Al-Dunida) - the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund to finance the first phase of the national project for Bulk scale.

 

Precedence for the Arab Contractors


The Arab Contractors Company took the lead in establishing scales for metal Bulk scale for the account of the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. wheat in Egypt.


Implementation of 15 Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. Damanhour in Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya and Mafalsa in Aswan, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. It follows the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.


Storage capacity of 90 thousand tons


As for the Saudi loan projects, which were funded by the OPEC loan and the Saudi Bank, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90 thousand tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, and the Arab silo Al-Aleqat in Qalyubia has a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, Fayed silo in Ismailia has a storage capacity of 30,000 tons, Sidi Ghazi silo in Kafr El-Sheikh has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and San Al-Hajar silo in Sharkia has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


The latest storage systems


It is noteworthy that each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction system It is separated from the air by a filter and stored in special warehouses in order to preserve the environment.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
The scales for the modern Bulk scale also succeeded in receiving large quantities of wheat from the Mostaqbal Egypt agricultural project, which achieved high productivity this season. He explained that the project plan takes into account the selection of a safe transportation system through the Railway Authority in coordination with the Ministry of Transport.
- The Egyptian government is studying the circulation of one of the special experiences regarding scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by one of the private projects, which is the first project for scales for plastic Bulk scale that is being established in Beni Suef Governorate to store the wheat crop. Of the 3 storage lines, they were implemented according to the highest standards in force in many countries of the world, as they were imported from Australia, one of the most important leading countries in the storage sector.
- This type of scale for Bulk scale does not depend on any human intervention to prevent any contamination of the grain during its storage, and it is based on self-treatment of the grain so that it does not need insect-resistant materials with an automatic system that maintains the quality and purity of the imported and local grain at the same time, as the countries of Ukraine Russia, Argentina and Brazil are among the largest countries that have achieved a breakthrough in this field, and this type of Bulk scale reduces shipping and transportation costs from crops to storage places, and the cost of a ton of scales for plastic Bulk scale does not exceed 100 pounds, while the cost of scales for regular Bulk scale reaches 190 pounds.


The importance of the "National Project for Bulk scale" in light of the Ukrainian crisis

- The war between Russia and Ukraine 2022, and the possibility of Russia and Ukraine leaving the grain export market, sparked widespread controversy over the issue of importing wheat for Egypt, and President Sisi’s urgent directives came to the government to give farmers additional incentives to expand wheat production, in addition to the government’s plan to increase the areas cultivated with this crop. All of this supports Egypt's strategy to secure wheat production.
The Egyptian state has also taken many measures to secure the strategic reserve of the wheat crop, as the state had a forward-looking vision, especially since the strategic reserve of wheat was not sufficient for 12 days in 2017, but now the reserve of wheat has reached the needs of 103 million citizens to four months until Now, knowing that it will reach nine months after harvesting the wheat crop in June 2022, and this is due to the country’s efforts in long-term planning to provide the largest amount of strategic stocks of wheat as one of the strategic crops, as it is the main source for the bread industry, which is the basic food for the vast majority of people. The Egyptians, the idea of expanding the establishment of Bulk scale came in 2015.

This project is considered one of the national projects that the Egyptian state has given special attention to and has allocated private funding and all kinds of support for its modernization and development and the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale. Given the importance of wheat as a major food commodity and the strategic cash crop, the state has established scales for modern Bulk scale in all governorates of the Republic to store and preserve wheat on one level. Storage technology systems in working and modern system application in their management.


The National Bulk scale project is one of the state's plans to preserve food and secure its strategic stock. It included the construction of about 50 Bulk scale, with an estimated storage capacity of 1.5 million tons. distributed over 17 governorates.
The National Bulk scale project includes 50 Bulk scale for storing wheat and grain, to be implemented and established in 17 governorates, with a storage capacity of 1.5 million tons, namely: Bargash in Giza, Mit Ghamr and Sherbin in Dakahlia and Qantara east of North Sinai, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Hehya in Sharkia, Damanhour in Beheira and Sabahiya. In Alexandria, Qena, East Owainat, New Valley, Banha, Qalyubia, Beni Suef, Fayoum, Bahnasa, and Sheikh Fadl.
Egypt now includes 70 Bulk scale at the level of the governorates of the Republic, and they are designed with the latest technology and techniques in the world.
It is expected that the storage capacity in the Bulk scale will increase in 2022 and reach approximately 3.6 million tons as well, with the expansion of the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale, and the wheat stock is now sufficient for more than 4 months and with the receipt of local wheat from farmers as of mid-April each year. The strategic reserve of wheat allocated for subsidized bread production will be increased until November 2022, or the end of the year.
In the context of encouraging farmers to expand wheat cultivation, local wheat for the 2022 season has been received and stored, and the wheat supplied for the 2022 season will be optional for the General Authority for Supply Commodities, provided that the supply season starts from 4-15-2022 until 7-15 -2022, provided that the imported grains are free from insect infestations, sand and gravel, and with a cleanliness of not less than 22.5 carats.

The strategy for doing this project

The number of Bulk scale in Egypt was few, and it was not sufficient for storage, and it was stored in unsecured shrines, and the waste rate reached 15%, meaning that if the state stored 9 million tons, the waste would reach one million tons, and this equals 4.5 billion pounds at the current price. for wheat.


The storage capacity in 2014 was approximately 1.2 million tons of storage, and our monthly consumption of ration wheat was 800 thousand tons of wheat, meaning that the strategic reserve of wheat, which could be stored in the scales of Bulk scale for a period of one month and a week, and the rest of the wheat quantities were stored in Shawn, as well as developed shoun and hangers, in order to maintain the quality of Egyptian wheat.


The implementation of the project began in 2015 on an area of about 20,000 square meters per silo. Using one of the most important technologies, which is represented in placing a truck scale to weigh the wheat sacks loaded in cars, and it is operated through the control room that enables the new system to extract the required quantities of wheat without waste.


In the middle of April of each year, the wheat harvest season begins after it regained its throne and occupied the list of economic and strategic crops in the country. and achieve self-sufficiency from it.


He pointed out that the construction of 6 new silo scales is nearing completion, and work is scheduled to start in the next wheat harvest season, at a cost of 68 million pounds per silo with a capacity of 60,000 tons, while the cost of a silo that can accommodate 90,000 tons is 300 million pounds.


The storage period of wheat in Bulk scale is up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the storage period of wheat in Bulk scale up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the degree of humidity and temperature according to the automated systems used inside the silo.
  The storage capacities have now reached approximately 3.4 million tons of storage capacity, i.e. we are currently storing about 4 and a half months of storage inside the Bulk scale, and the strategic reserve of wheat has now reached 5 months in the Bulk scale, as well as storage in the scales for the Bulk scale of the mills, and what has been achieved in this The field is an objective shift in the Bulk scale, whether in Bulk scale, ports or other Bulk scale.


The total production of domestic wheat reached 9 million tons, and Egypt consumes approximately 16 million tons per year, i.e. we have reached 55% self-sufficiency in wheat, and approximately 45% is imported from abroad through the public and private sectors, approximately 7 million tons. Wheat imported from abroad.


Silo definition

A grain silo is a place for its storage, and it is more developed than a barn, which is only a temporary store for it. A silo is a building equipped to store, load, and unload grain before selling or using it. Bulk scale are usually found in farms, mills, railway stations, and ports, and grains such as barley and wheat are stored in them, as they are the most important Types of granaries in modern times.


Each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – truck scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction and separation system The air is filtered and stored in FS buffers

 


3- It needs a number of hoppers to transport, lift and unload wheat or stored materials. This number is one ground hopper, and it is in the middle of the silo and passes through the bottom of the cement base. The base of the silo is inclined to the starting point of this hopper, and another hopper to transport the wheat from the ground from a cement pool. The grain is also unloaded into it, then another hopper is taken from it to raise the grain to the top of the silo to empty it inside the silo, and it is at the highest point inside the silo, and another hopper is in front of the silo and in the same pond, in order to load the wheat or the stored materials after unloading them directly from the silo to the openings ventilation.


its uses

1- It works to store the product inside it.
2- Equipped with an air crystal and suctions to remove moisture so that fungus does not grow in it, which leads to rotting of raw materials.
3- Equipped with sensors to monitor the raw materials and also know the storage capacity.
4- The Bulk scale are hermetically sealed.
5- There are different production capacities starting from 30 tons.


  Automation of Bulk scale

Most projects and institutions are moving towards digital transformation, with its great importance in changing transactions, saving wasted time, the amount of lost and damaged, and the governance of its system. The same thing is now possible in the scales of Egyptian Bulk scale.
The digital transformation and the system of mechanization of Bulk scale will have a vital role in governing the wheat system and controlling its rhythm, and it will clearly determine the volume of incoming, outgoing and outgoing without the intervention of the human element subject to error, which makes the existing information in the future more accurate and compact.
The digital system, to be implemented, will include the entire storage process, starting from entering the cars loaded with wheat until the completion of the unloading process, through sorting and weighing, with follow-up from those in charge of the electronic control room from the holding company’s headquarters.


Tamper prevention

Work is in full swing towards the digital transformation that the company is implementing in about 22 Bulk scale, revealing that the next season will witness the transformation of 72 Bulk scale of the digital system, which will control and control the supply and storage process in a way that will not allow any manipulation or waste in the near future.
Egypt is a leader in storing grain and protecting it from spoilage in ways that were not known to the world for nearly 7,000 years. Rather, it came to the way the scales work for the Bulk scale themselves with great care, enabling them to protect the grain from moisture and spoilage factors. It was even called the "Grand Shelter of the World".
The Bulk scale were built with domes of clay, and the ancient Egyptians established the smallest shoun in each city to provide the required grain within its scope. Storage places for grain were also found in the temples, and Egypt enjoyed a great position as the basket of the world’s grain that everyone intended for.


The national scale project for grain Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. In Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya, and Mafalaseh in Aswan. It is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.
Within the framework of the Saudi loan projects, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Arab Al-Aleqat silo in Qalyubia with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, and the Fayed silo in Ismailia with a storage capacity Storage of 30,000 tons, the silo of Sidi Ghazi in Kafr El-Sheikh, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and the silo of San Al-Hajar in Sharkia, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


Burj Al Arab silo works:

  It included design, construction, civil works, manufacturing, supply, installation, start-up trials, spare parts and start-up for a number of Mawazine complex for complete metal Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons in a turnkey system. The project consists of (18 Bulk scale - two security rooms - a water tank - a pump room - an electric room - a store - Spare parts building - administrative building - mosque - workshop - weighing scales for loading Bulk scale - scale - click).


Works of scales for bathroom Bulk scale:

It included the establishment of 9 conical storage cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 45 thousand tons, in the city of Hammam, Marsa Matrouh Governorate. Administrative - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pumps room - electric building - workshop building - spare parts building - storage building - truck scale control room - machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - fence and guard towers - storage area Storage area 1750 m2 ).


Works of scales for the morning Bulk scale:

It includes the construction of 12 metal cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 60,000 tons, including: (cranes tower - main tunnels - delivery point - truck scale - scales for loading Bulk scale - scales for dust Bulk scale - administrative building - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pump room - Electricity building - Workshop building - Spare parts building - Storage building - Truck scale control room - Machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - Fence and guard towers).


Stages of project implementation


The first stage


A presidential decree was issued to establish 50 metal Bulk scale inside Egypt, to be implemented in several stages, each with a capacity of 30,000 tons, to store local wheat. Through contacting the donors by providing soft loans to finance the foreign component of these projects and at appropriate times to comply with the implementation timetables, where framework agreements were signed with both the Danish Aid Authority (Al-Dunida) - the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund to finance the first phase of the national project for Bulk scale.

 

Precedence for the Arab Contractors


The Arab Contractors Company took the lead in establishing scales for metal Bulk scale for the account of the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. wheat in Egypt.


Implementation of 15 Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. Damanhour in Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya and Mafalsa in Aswan, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. It follows the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.


Storage capacity of 90 thousand tons


As for the Saudi loan projects, which were funded by the OPEC loan and the Saudi Bank, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90 thousand tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, and the Arab silo Al-Aleqat in Qalyubia has a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, Fayed silo in Ismailia has a storage capacity of 30,000 tons, Sidi Ghazi silo in Kafr El-Sheikh has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and San Al-Hajar silo in Sharkia has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


The latest storage systems


It is noteworthy that each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction system It is separated from the air by a filter and stored in special warehouses in order to preserve the environment.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
The scales for the modern Bulk scale also succeeded in receiving large quantities of wheat from the Mostaqbal Egypt agricultural project, which achieved high productivity this season. He explained that the project plan takes into account the selection of a safe transportation system through the Railway Authority in coordination with the Ministry of Transport.
- The Egyptian government is studying the circulation of one of the special experiences regarding scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by one of the private projects, which is the first project for scales for plastic Bulk scale that is being established in Beni Suef Governorate to store the wheat crop. Of the 3 storage lines, they were implemented according to the highest standards in force in many countries of the world, as they were imported from Australia, one of the most important leading countries in the storage sector.
- This type of scale for Bulk scale does not depend on any human intervention to prevent any contamination of the grain during its storage, and it is based on self-treatment of the grain so that it does not need insect-resistant materials with an automatic system that maintains the quality and purity of the imported and local grain at the same time, as the countries of Ukraine Russia, Argentina and Brazil are among the largest countries that have achieved a breakthrough in this field, and this type of Bulk scale reduces shipping and transportation costs from crops to storage places, and the cost of a ton of scales for plastic Bulk scale does not exceed 100 pounds, while the cost of scales for regular Bulk scale reaches 190 pounds.


The importance of the "National Project for Bulk scale" in light of the Ukrainian crisis

- The war between Russia and Ukraine 2022, and the possibility of Russia and Ukraine leaving the grain export market, sparked widespread controversy over the issue of importing wheat for Egypt, and President Sisi’s urgent directives came to the government to give farmers additional incentives to expand wheat production, in addition to the government’s plan to increase the areas cultivated with this crop. All of this supports Egypt's strategy to secure wheat production.
The Egyptian state has also taken many measures to secure the strategic reserve of the wheat crop, as the state had a forward-looking vision, especially since the strategic reserve of wheat was not sufficient for 12 days in 2017, but now the reserve of wheat has reached the needs of 103 million citizens to four months until Now, knowing that it will reach nine months after harvesting the wheat crop in June 2022, and this is due to the country’s efforts in long-term planning to provide the largest amount of strategic stocks of wheat as one of the strategic crops, as it is the main source for the bread industry, which is the basic food for the vast majority of people. The Egyptians, the idea of expanding the establishment of Bulk scale came in 2015.

This project is considered one of the national projects that the Egyptian state has given special attention to and has allocated private funding and all kinds of support for its modernization and development and the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale. Given the importance of wheat as a major food commodity and the strategic cash crop, the state has established scales for modern Bulk scale in all governorates of the Republic to store and preserve wheat on one level. Storage technology systems in working and modern system application in their management.


The National Bulk scale project is one of the state's plans to preserve food and secure its strategic stock. It included the construction of about 50 Bulk scale, with an estimated storage capacity of 1.5 million tons. distributed over 17 governorates.
The National Bulk scale project includes 50 Bulk scale for storing wheat and grain, to be implemented and established in 17 governorates, with a storage capacity of 1.5 million tons, namely: Bargash in Giza, Mit Ghamr and Sherbin in Dakahlia and Qantara east of North Sinai, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Hehya in Sharkia, Damanhour in Beheira and Sabahiya. In Alexandria, Qena, East Owainat, New Valley, Banha, Qalyubia, Beni Suef, Fayoum, Bahnasa, and Sheikh Fadl.
Egypt now includes 70 Bulk scale at the level of the governorates of the Republic, and they are designed with the latest technology and techniques in the world.
It is expected that the storage capacity in the Bulk scale will increase in 2022 and reach approximately 3.6 million tons as well, with the expansion of the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale, and the wheat stock is now sufficient for more than 4 months and with the receipt of local wheat from farmers as of mid-April each year. The strategic reserve of wheat allocated for subsidized bread production will be increased until November 2022, or the end of the year.
In the context of encouraging farmers to expand wheat cultivation, local wheat for the 2022 season has been received and stored, and the wheat supplied for the 2022 season will be optional for the General Authority for Supply Commodities, provided that the supply season starts from 4-15-2022 until 7-15 -2022, provided that the imported grains are free from insect infestations, sand and gravel, and with a cleanliness of not less than 22.5 carats.

The strategy for doing this project

The number of Bulk scale in Egypt was few, and it was not sufficient for storage, and it was stored in unsecured shrines, and the waste rate reached 15%, meaning that if the state stored 9 million tons, the waste would reach one million tons, and this equals 4.5 billion pounds at the current price. for wheat.


The storage capacity in 2014 was approximately 1.2 million tons of storage, and our monthly consumption of ration wheat was 800 thousand tons of wheat, meaning that the strategic reserve of wheat, which could be stored in the scales of Bulk scale for a period of one month and a week, and the rest of the wheat quantities were stored in Shawn, as well as developed shoun and hangers, in order to maintain the quality of Egyptian wheat.


The implementation of the project began in 2015 on an area of about 20,000 square meters per silo. Using one of the most important technologies, which is represented in placing a truck scale to weigh the wheat sacks loaded in cars, and it is operated through the control room that enables the new system to extract the required quantities of wheat without waste.


In the middle of April of each year, the wheat harvest season begins after it regained its throne and occupied the list of economic and strategic crops in the country. and achieve self-sufficiency from it.


He pointed out that the construction of 6 new silo scales is nearing completion, and work is scheduled to start in the next wheat harvest season, at a cost of 68 million pounds per silo with a capacity of 60,000 tons, while the cost of a silo that can accommodate 90,000 tons is 300 million pounds.


The storage period of wheat in Bulk scale is up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the storage period of wheat in Bulk scale up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the degree of humidity and temperature according to the automated systems used inside the silo.
  The storage capacities have now reached approximately 3.4 million tons of storage capacity, i.e. we are currently storing about 4 and a half months of storage inside the Bulk scale, and the strategic reserve of wheat has now reached 5 months in the Bulk scale, as well as storage in the scales for the Bulk scale of the mills, and what has been achieved in this The field is an objective shift in the Bulk scale, whether in Bulk scale, ports or other Bulk scale.


The total production of domestic wheat reached 9 million tons, and Egypt consumes approximately 16 million tons per year, i.e. we have reached 55% self-sufficiency in wheat, and approximately 45% is imported from abroad through the public and private sectors, approximately 7 million tons. Wheat imported from abroad.


Silo definition

A grain silo is a place for its storage, and it is more developed than a barn, which is only a temporary store for it. A silo is a building equipped to store, load, and unload grain before selling or using it. Bulk scale are usually found in farms, mills, railway stations, and ports, and grains such as barley and wheat are stored in them, as they are the most important Types of granaries in modern times.


Each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – truck scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction and separation system The air is filtered and stored in FS buffers

 


3- It needs a number of hoppers to transport, lift and unload wheat or stored materials. This number is one ground hopper, and it is in the middle of the silo and passes through the bottom of the cement base. The base of the silo is inclined to the starting point of this hopper, and another hopper to transport the wheat from the ground from a cement pool. The grain is also unloaded into it, then another hopper is taken from it to raise the grain to the top of the silo to empty it inside the silo, and it is at the highest point inside the silo, and another hopper is in front of the silo and in the same pond, in order to load the wheat or the stored materials after unloading them directly from the silo to the openings ventilation.


its uses

1- It works to store the product inside it.
2- Equipped with an air crystal and suctions to remove moisture so that fungus does not grow in it, which leads to rotting of raw materials.
3- Equipped with sensors to monitor the raw materials and also know the storage capacity.
4- The Bulk scale are hermetically sealed.
5- There are different production capacities starting from 30 tons.


  Automation of Bulk scale

Most projects and institutions are moving towards digital transformation, with its great importance in changing transactions, saving wasted time, the amount of lost and damaged, and the governance of its system. The same thing is now possible in the scales of Egyptian Bulk scale.
The digital transformation and the system of mechanization of Bulk scale will have a vital role in governing the wheat system and controlling its rhythm, and it will clearly determine the volume of incoming, outgoing and outgoing without the intervention of the human element subject to error, which makes the existing information in the future more accurate and compact.
The digital system, to be implemented, will include the entire storage process, starting from entering the cars loaded with wheat until the completion of the unloading process, through sorting and weighing, with follow-up from those in charge of the electronic control room from the holding company’s headquarters.


Tamper prevention

Work is in full swing towards the digital transformation that the company is implementing in about 22 Bulk scale, revealing that the next season will witness the transformation of 72 Bulk scale of the digital system, which will control and control the supply and storage process in a way that will not allow any manipulation or waste in the near future.
Egypt is a leader in storing grain and protecting it from spoilage in ways that were not known to the world for nearly 7,000 years. Rather, it came to the way the scales work for the Bulk scale themselves with great care, enabling them to protect the grain from moisture and spoilage factors. It was even called the "Grand Shelter of the World".
The Bulk scale were built with domes of clay, and the ancient Egyptians established the smallest shoun in each city to provide the required grain within its scope. Storage places for grain were also found in the temples, and Egypt enjoyed a great position as the basket of the world’s grain that everyone intended for.


The national scale project for grain Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. In Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya, and Mafalaseh in Aswan. It is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.
Within the framework of the Saudi loan projects, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Arab Al-Aleqat silo in Qalyubia with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, and the Fayed silo in Ismailia with a storage capacity Storage of 30,000 tons, the silo of Sidi Ghazi in Kafr El-Sheikh, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and the silo of San Al-Hajar in Sharkia, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


Burj Al Arab silo works:

  It included design, construction, civil works, manufacturing, supply, installation, start-up trials, spare parts and start-up for a number of Mawazine complex for complete metal Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons in a turnkey system. The project consists of (18 Bulk scale - two security rooms - a water tank - a pump room - an electric room - a store - Spare parts building - administrative building - mosque - workshop - weighing scales for loading Bulk scale - scale - click).


Works of scales for bathroom Bulk scale:

It included the establishment of 9 conical storage cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 45 thousand tons, in the city of Hammam, Marsa Matrouh Governorate. Administrative - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pumps room - electric building - workshop building - spare parts building - storage building - truck scale control room - machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - fence and guard towers - storage area Storage area 1750 m2 ).


Works of scales for the morning Bulk scale:

It includes the construction of 12 metal cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 60,000 tons, including: (cranes tower - main tunnels - delivery point - truck scale - scales for loading Bulk scale - scales for dust Bulk scale - administrative building - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pump room - Electricity building - Workshop building - Spare parts building - Storage building - Truck scale control room - Machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - Fence and guard towers).


Stages of project implementation


The first stage


A presidential decree was issued to establish 50 metal Bulk scale inside Egypt, to be implemented in several stages, each with a capacity of 30,000 tons, to store local wheat. Through contacting the donors by providing soft loans to finance the foreign component of these projects and at appropriate times to comply with the implementation timetables, where framework agreements were signed with both the Danish Aid Authority (Al-Dunida) - the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund to finance the first phase of the national project for Bulk scale.

 

Precedence for the Arab Contractors


The Arab Contractors Company took the lead in establishing scales for metal Bulk scale for the account of the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. wheat in Egypt.


Implementation of 15 Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. Damanhour in Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya and Mafalsa in Aswan, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. It follows the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.


Storage capacity of 90 thousand tons


As for the Saudi loan projects, which were funded by the OPEC loan and the Saudi Bank, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90 thousand tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, and the Arab silo Al-Aleqat in Qalyubia has a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, Fayed silo in Ismailia has a storage capacity of 30,000 tons, Sidi Ghazi silo in Kafr El-Sheikh has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and San Al-Hajar silo in Sharkia has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


The latest storage systems


It is noteworthy that each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction system It is separated from the air by a filter and stored in special warehouses in order to preserve the environment.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
The scales for the modern Bulk scale also succeeded in receiving large quantities of wheat from the Mostaqbal Egypt agricultural project, which achieved high productivity this season. He explained that the project plan takes into account the selection of a safe transportation system through the Railway Authority in coordination with the Ministry of Transport.
- The Egyptian government is studying the circulation of one of the special experiences regarding scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by one of the private projects, which is the first project for scales for plastic Bulk scale that is being established in Beni Suef Governorate to store the wheat crop. Of the 3 storage lines, they were implemented according to the highest standards in force in many countries of the world, as they were imported from Australia, one of the most important leading countries in the storage sector.
- This type of scale for Bulk scale does not depend on any human intervention to prevent any contamination of the grain during its storage, and it is based on self-treatment of the grain so that it does not need insect-resistant materials with an automatic system that maintains the quality and purity of the imported and local grain at the same time, as the countries of Ukraine Russia, Argentina and Brazil are among the largest countries that have achieved a breakthrough in this field, and this type of Bulk scale reduces shipping and transportation costs from crops to storage places, and the cost of a ton of scales for plastic Bulk scale does not exceed 100 pounds, while the cost of scales for regular Bulk scale reaches 190 pounds.


The importance of the "National Project for Bulk scale" in light of the Ukrainian crisis

- The war between Russia and Ukraine 2022, and the possibility of Russia and Ukraine leaving the grain export market, sparked widespread controversy over the issue of importing wheat for Egypt, and President Sisi’s urgent directives came to the government to give farmers additional incentives to expand wheat production, in addition to the government’s plan to increase the areas cultivated with this crop. All of this supports Egypt's strategy to secure wheat production.
The Egyptian state has also taken many measures to secure the strategic reserve of the wheat crop, as the state had a forward-looking vision, especially since the strategic reserve of wheat was not sufficient for 12 days in 2017, but now the reserve of wheat has reached the needs of 103 million citizens to four months until Now, knowing that it will reach nine months after harvesting the wheat crop in June 2022, and this is due to the country’s efforts in long-term planning to provide the largest amount of strategic stocks of wheat as one of the strategic crops, as it is the main source for the bread industry, which is the basic food for the vast majority of people. The Egyptians, the idea of expanding the establishment of Bulk scale came in 2015.

This project is considered one of the national projects that the Egyptian state has given special attention to and has allocated private funding and all kinds of support for its modernization and development and the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale. Given the importance of wheat as a major food commodity and the strategic cash crop, the state has established scales for modern Bulk scale in all governorates of the Republic to store and preserve wheat on one level. Storage technology systems in working and modern system application in their management.


The National Bulk scale project is one of the state's plans to preserve food and secure its strategic stock. It included the construction of about 50 Bulk scale, with an estimated storage capacity of 1.5 million tons. distributed over 17 governorates.
The National Bulk scale project includes 50 Bulk scale for storing wheat and grain, to be implemented and established in 17 governorates, with a storage capacity of 1.5 million tons, namely: Bargash in Giza, Mit Ghamr and Sherbin in Dakahlia and Qantara east of North Sinai, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Hehya in Sharkia, Damanhour in Beheira and Sabahiya. In Alexandria, Qena, East Owainat, New Valley, Banha, Qalyubia, Beni Suef, Fayoum, Bahnasa, and Sheikh Fadl.
Egypt now includes 70 Bulk scale at the level of the governorates of the Republic, and they are designed with the latest technology and techniques in the world.
It is expected that the storage capacity in the Bulk scale will increase in 2022 and reach approximately 3.6 million tons as well, with the expansion of the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale, and the wheat stock is now sufficient for more than 4 months and with the receipt of local wheat from farmers as of mid-April each year. The strategic reserve of wheat allocated for subsidized bread production will be increased until November 2022, or the end of the year.
In the context of encouraging farmers to expand wheat cultivation, local wheat for the 2022 season has been received and stored, and the wheat supplied for the 2022 season will be optional for the General Authority for Supply Commodities, provided that the supply season starts from 4-15-2022 until 7-15 -2022, provided that the imported grains are free from insect infestations, sand and gravel, and with a cleanliness of not less than 22.5 carats.

The strategy for doing this project

The number of Bulk scale in Egypt was few, and it was not sufficient for storage, and it was stored in unsecured shrines, and the waste rate reached 15%, meaning that if the state stored 9 million tons, the waste would reach one million tons, and this equals 4.5 billion pounds at the current price. for wheat.


The storage capacity in 2014 was approximately 1.2 million tons of storage, and our monthly consumption of ration wheat was 800 thousand tons of wheat, meaning that the strategic reserve of wheat, which could be stored in the scales of Bulk scale for a period of one month and a week, and the rest of the wheat quantities were stored in Shawn, as well as developed shoun and hangers, in order to maintain the quality of Egyptian wheat.


The implementation of the project began in 2015 on an area of about 20,000 square meters per silo. Using one of the most important technologies, which is represented in placing a truck scale to weigh the wheat sacks loaded in cars, and it is operated through the control room that enables the new system to extract the required quantities of wheat without waste.


In the middle of April of each year, the wheat harvest season begins after it regained its throne and occupied the list of economic and strategic crops in the country. and achieve self-sufficiency from it.


He pointed out that the construction of 6 new silo scales is nearing completion, and work is scheduled to start in the next wheat harvest season, at a cost of 68 million pounds per silo with a capacity of 60,000 tons, while the cost of a silo that can accommodate 90,000 tons is 300 million pounds.


The storage period of wheat in Bulk scale is up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the storage period of wheat in Bulk scale up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the degree of humidity and temperature according to the automated systems used inside the silo.
  The storage capacities have now reached approximately 3.4 million tons of storage capacity, i.e. we are currently storing about 4 and a half months of storage inside the Bulk scale, and the strategic reserve of wheat has now reached 5 months in the Bulk scale, as well as storage in the scales for the Bulk scale of the mills, and what has been achieved in this The field is an objective shift in the Bulk scale, whether in Bulk scale, ports or other Bulk scale.


The total production of domestic wheat reached 9 million tons, and Egypt consumes approximately 16 million tons per year, i.e. we have reached 55% self-sufficiency in wheat, and approximately 45% is imported from abroad through the public and private sectors, approximately 7 million tons. Wheat imported from abroad.


Silo definition

A grain silo is a place for its storage, and it is more developed than a barn, which is only a temporary store for it. A silo is a building equipped to store, load, and unload grain before selling or using it. Bulk scale are usually found in farms, mills, railway stations, and ports, and grains such as barley and wheat are stored in them, as they are the most important Types of granaries in modern times.


Each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – truck scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction and separation system The air is filtered and stored in FS buffers

 


3- It needs a number of hoppers to transport, lift and unload wheat or stored materials. This number is one ground hopper, and it is in the middle of the silo and passes through the bottom of the cement base. The base of the silo is inclined to the starting point of this hopper, and another hopper to transport the wheat from the ground from a cement pool. The grain is also unloaded into it, then another hopper is taken from it to raise the grain to the top of the silo to empty it inside the silo, and it is at the highest point inside the silo, and another hopper is in front of the silo and in the same pond, in order to load the wheat or the stored materials after unloading them directly from the silo to the openings ventilation.


its uses

1- It works to store the product inside it.
2- Equipped with an air crystal and suctions to remove moisture so that fungus does not grow in it, which leads to rotting of raw materials.
3- Equipped with sensors to monitor the raw materials and also know the storage capacity.
4- The Bulk scale are hermetically sealed.
5- There are different production capacities starting from 30 tons.


  Automation of Bulk scale

Most projects and institutions are moving towards digital transformation, with its great importance in changing transactions, saving wasted time, the amount of lost and damaged, and the governance of its system. The same thing is now possible in the scales of Egyptian Bulk scale.
The digital transformation and the system of mechanization of Bulk scale will have a vital role in governing the wheat system and controlling its rhythm, and it will clearly determine the volume of incoming, outgoing and outgoing without the intervention of the human element subject to error, which makes the existing information in the future more accurate and compact.
The digital system, to be implemented, will include the entire storage process, starting from entering the cars loaded with wheat until the completion of the unloading process, through sorting and weighing, with follow-up from those in charge of the electronic control room from the holding company’s headquarters.


Tamper prevention

Work is in full swing towards the digital transformation that the company is implementing in about 22 Bulk scale, revealing that the next season will witness the transformation of 72 Bulk scale of the digital system, which will control and control the supply and storage process in a way that will not allow any manipulation or waste in the near future.
Egypt is a leader in storing grain and protecting it from spoilage in ways that were not known to the world for nearly 7,000 years. Rather, it came to the way the scales work for the Bulk scale themselves with great care, enabling them to protect the grain from moisture and spoilage factors. It was even called the "Grand Shelter of the World".
The Bulk scale were built with domes of clay, and the ancient Egyptians established the smallest shoun in each city to provide the required grain within its scope. Storage places for grain were also found in the temples, and Egypt enjoyed a great position as the basket of the world’s grain that everyone intended for.


The national scale project for grain Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. In Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya, and Mafalaseh in Aswan. It is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.
Within the framework of the Saudi loan projects, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Arab Al-Aleqat silo in Qalyubia with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, and the Fayed silo in Ismailia with a storage capacity Storage of 30,000 tons, the silo of Sidi Ghazi in Kafr El-Sheikh, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and the silo of San Al-Hajar in Sharkia, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


Burj Al Arab silo works:

  It included design, construction, civil works, manufacturing, supply, installation, start-up trials, spare parts and start-up for a number of Mawazine complex for complete metal Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons in a turnkey system. The project consists of (18 Bulk scale - two security rooms - a water tank - a pump room - an electric room - a store - Spare parts building - administrative building - mosque - workshop - weighing scales for loading Bulk scale - scale - click).


Works of scales for bathroom Bulk scale:

It included the establishment of 9 conical storage cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 45 thousand tons, in the city of Hammam, Marsa Matrouh Governorate. Administrative - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pumps room - electric building - workshop building - spare parts building - storage building - truck scale control room - machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - fence and guard towers - storage area Storage area 1750 m2 ).


Works of scales for the morning Bulk scale:

It includes the construction of 12 metal cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 60,000 tons, including: (cranes tower - main tunnels - delivery point - truck scale - scales for loading Bulk scale - scales for dust Bulk scale - administrative building - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pump room - Electricity building - Workshop building - Spare parts building - Storage building - Truck scale control room - Machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - Fence and guard towers).


Stages of project implementation


The first stage


A presidential decree was issued to establish 50 metal Bulk scale inside Egypt, to be implemented in several stages, each with a capacity of 30,000 tons, to store local wheat. Through contacting the donors by providing soft loans to finance the foreign component of these projects and at appropriate times to comply with the implementation timetables, where framework agreements were signed with both the Danish Aid Authority (Al-Dunida) - the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund to finance the first phase of the national project for Bulk scale.

 

Precedence for the Arab Contractors


The Arab Contractors Company took the lead in establishing scales for metal Bulk scale for the account of the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. wheat in Egypt.


Implementation of 15 Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. Damanhour in Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya and Mafalsa in Aswan, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. It follows the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.


Storage capacity of 90 thousand tons


As for the Saudi loan projects, which were funded by the OPEC loan and the Saudi Bank, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90 thousand tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, and the Arab silo Al-Aleqat in Qalyubia has a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, Fayed silo in Ismailia has a storage capacity of 30,000 tons, Sidi Ghazi silo in Kafr El-Sheikh has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and San Al-Hajar silo in Sharkia has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


The latest storage systems


It is noteworthy that each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction system It is separated from the air by a filter and stored in special warehouses in order to preserve the environment.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
The scales for the modern Bulk scale also succeeded in receiving large quantities of wheat from the Mostaqbal Egypt agricultural project, which achieved high productivity this season. He explained that the project plan takes into account the selection of a safe transportation system through the Railway Authority in coordination with the Ministry of Transport.
- The Egyptian government is studying the circulation of one of the special experiences regarding scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by one of the private projects, which is the first project for scales for plastic Bulk scale that is being established in Beni Suef Governorate to store the wheat crop. Of the 3 storage lines, they were implemented according to the highest standards in force in many countries of the world, as they were imported from Australia, one of the most important leading countries in the storage sector.
- This type of scale for Bulk scale does not depend on any human intervention to prevent any contamination of the grain during its storage, and it is based on self-treatment of the grain so that it does not need insect-resistant materials with an automatic system that maintains the quality and purity of the imported and local grain at the same time, as the countries of Ukraine Russia, Argentina and Brazil are among the largest countries that have achieved a breakthrough in this field, and this type of Bulk scale reduces shipping and transportation costs from crops to storage places, and the cost of a ton of scales for plastic Bulk scale does not exceed 100 pounds, while the cost of scales for regular Bulk scale reaches 190 pounds.


The importance of the "National Project for Bulk scale" in light of the Ukrainian crisis

- The war between Russia and Ukraine 2022, and the possibility of Russia and Ukraine leaving the grain export market, sparked widespread controversy over the issue of importing wheat for Egypt, and President Sisi’s urgent directives came to the government to give farmers additional incentives to expand wheat production, in addition to the government’s plan to increase the areas cultivated with this crop. All of this supports Egypt's strategy to secure wheat production.
The Egyptian state has also taken many measures to secure the strategic reserve of the wheat crop, as the state had a forward-looking vision, especially since the strategic reserve of wheat was not sufficient for 12 days in 2017, but now the reserve of wheat has reached the needs of 103 million citizens to four months until Now, knowing that it will reach nine months after harvesting the wheat crop in June 2022, and this is due to the country’s efforts in long-term planning to provide the largest amount of strategic stocks of wheat as one of the strategic crops, as it is the main source for the bread industry, which is the basic food for the vast majority of people. The Egyptians, the idea of expanding the establishment of Bulk scale came in 2015.

This project is considered one of the national projects that the Egyptian state has given special attention to and has allocated private funding and all kinds of support for its modernization and development and the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale. Given the importance of wheat as a major food commodity and the strategic cash crop, the state has established scales for modern Bulk scale in all governorates of the Republic to store and preserve wheat on one level. Storage technology systems in working and modern system application in their management.


The National Bulk scale project is one of the state's plans to preserve food and secure its strategic stock. It included the construction of about 50 Bulk scale, with an estimated storage capacity of 1.5 million tons. distributed over 17 governorates.
The National Bulk scale project includes 50 Bulk scale for storing wheat and grain, to be implemented and established in 17 governorates, with a storage capacity of 1.5 million tons, namely: Bargash in Giza, Mit Ghamr and Sherbin in Dakahlia and Qantara east of North Sinai, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Hehya in Sharkia, Damanhour in Beheira and Sabahiya. In Alexandria, Qena, East Owainat, New Valley, Banha, Qalyubia, Beni Suef, Fayoum, Bahnasa, and Sheikh Fadl.
Egypt now includes 70 Bulk scale at the level of the governorates of the Republic, and they are designed with the latest technology and techniques in the world.
It is expected that the storage capacity in the Bulk scale will increase in 2022 and reach approximately 3.6 million tons as well, with the expansion of the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale, and the wheat stock is now sufficient for more than 4 months and with the receipt of local wheat from farmers as of mid-April each year. The strategic reserve of wheat allocated for subsidized bread production will be increased until November 2022, or the end of the year.
In the context of encouraging farmers to expand wheat cultivation, local wheat for the 2022 season has been received and stored, and the wheat supplied for the 2022 season will be optional for the General Authority for Supply Commodities, provided that the supply season starts from 4-15-2022 until 7-15 -2022, provided that the imported grains are free from insect infestations, sand and gravel, and with a cleanliness of not less than 22.5 carats.

The strategy for doing this project

The number of Bulk scale in Egypt was few, and it was not sufficient for storage, and it was stored in unsecured shrines, and the waste rate reached 15%, meaning that if the state stored 9 million tons, the waste would reach one million tons, and this equals 4.5 billion pounds at the current price. for wheat.


The storage capacity in 2014 was approximately 1.2 million tons of storage, and our monthly consumption of ration wheat was 800 thousand tons of wheat, meaning that the strategic reserve of wheat, which could be stored in the scales of Bulk scale for a period of one month and a week, and the rest of the wheat quantities were stored in Shawn, as well as developed shoun and hangers, in order to maintain the quality of Egyptian wheat.


The implementation of the project began in 2015 on an area of about 20,000 square meters per silo. Using one of the most important technologies, which is represented in placing a truck scale to weigh the wheat sacks loaded in cars, and it is operated through the control room that enables the new system to extract the required quantities of wheat without waste.


In the middle of April of each year, the wheat harvest season begins after it regained its throne and occupied the list of economic and strategic crops in the country. and achieve self-sufficiency from it.


He pointed out that the construction of 6 new silo scales is nearing completion, and work is scheduled to start in the next wheat harvest season, at a cost of 68 million pounds per silo with a capacity of 60,000 tons, while the cost of a silo that can accommodate 90,000 tons is 300 million pounds.


The storage period of wheat in Bulk scale is up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the storage period of wheat in Bulk scale up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the degree of humidity and temperature according to the automated systems used inside the silo.
  The storage capacities have now reached approximately 3.4 million tons of storage capacity, i.e. we are currently storing about 4 and a half months of storage inside the Bulk scale, and the strategic reserve of wheat has now reached 5 months in the Bulk scale, as well as storage in the scales for the Bulk scale of the mills, and what has been achieved in this The field is an objective shift in the Bulk scale, whether in Bulk scale, ports or other Bulk scale.


The total production of domestic wheat reached 9 million tons, and Egypt consumes approximately 16 million tons per year, i.e. we have reached 55% self-sufficiency in wheat, and approximately 45% is imported from abroad through the public and private sectors, approximately 7 million tons. Wheat imported from abroad.


Silo definition

A grain silo is a place for its storage, and it is more developed than a barn, which is only a temporary store for it. A silo is a building equipped to store, load, and unload grain before selling or using it. Bulk scale are usually found in farms, mills, railway stations, and ports, and grains such as barley and wheat are stored in them, as they are the most important Types of granaries in modern times.


Each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – truck scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction and separation system The air is filtered and stored in FS buffers

 


3- It needs a number of hoppers to transport, lift and unload wheat or stored materials. This number is one ground hopper, and it is in the middle of the silo and passes through the bottom of the cement base. The base of the silo is inclined to the starting point of this hopper, and another hopper to transport the wheat from the ground from a cement pool. The grain is also unloaded into it, then another hopper is taken from it to raise the grain to the top of the silo to empty it inside the silo, and it is at the highest point inside the silo, and another hopper is in front of the silo and in the same pond, in order to load the wheat or the stored materials after unloading them directly from the silo to the openings ventilation.


its uses

1- It works to store the product inside it.
2- Equipped with an air crystal and suctions to remove moisture so that fungus does not grow in it, which leads to rotting of raw materials.
3- Equipped with sensors to monitor the raw materials and also know the storage capacity.
4- The Bulk scale are hermetically sealed.
5- There are different production capacities starting from 30 tons.


  Automation of Bulk scale

Most projects and institutions are moving towards digital transformation, with its great importance in changing transactions, saving wasted time, the amount of lost and damaged, and the governance of its system. The same thing is now possible in the scales of Egyptian Bulk scale.
The digital transformation and the system of mechanization of Bulk scale will have a vital role in governing the wheat system and controlling its rhythm, and it will clearly determine the volume of incoming, outgoing and outgoing without the intervention of the human element subject to error, which makes the existing information in the future more accurate and compact.
The digital system, to be implemented, will include the entire storage process, starting from entering the cars loaded with wheat until the completion of the unloading process, through sorting and weighing, with follow-up from those in charge of the electronic control room from the holding company’s headquarters.


Tamper prevention

Work is in full swing towards the digital transformation that the company is implementing in about 22 Bulk scale, revealing that the next season will witness the transformation of 72 Bulk scale of the digital system, which will control and control the supply and storage process in a way that will not allow any manipulation or waste in the near future.
Egypt is a leader in storing grain and protecting it from spoilage in ways that were not known to the world for nearly 7,000 years. Rather, it came to the way the scales work for the Bulk scale themselves with great care, enabling them to protect the grain from moisture and spoilage factors. It was even called the "Grand Shelter of the World".
The Bulk scale were built with domes of clay, and the ancient Egyptians established the smallest shoun in each city to provide the required grain within its scope. Storage places for grain were also found in the temples, and Egypt enjoyed a great position as the basket of the world’s grain that everyone intended for.


The national scale project for grain Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. In Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya, and Mafalaseh in Aswan. It is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.
Within the framework of the Saudi loan projects, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Arab Al-Aleqat silo in Qalyubia with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, and the Fayed silo in Ismailia with a storage capacity Storage of 30,000 tons, the silo of Sidi Ghazi in Kafr El-Sheikh, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and the silo of San Al-Hajar in Sharkia, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


Burj Al Arab silo works:

  It included design, construction, civil works, manufacturing, supply, installation, start-up trials, spare parts and start-up for a number of Mawazine complex for complete metal Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons in a turnkey system. The project consists of (18 Bulk scale - two security rooms - a water tank - a pump room - an electric room - a store - Spare parts building - administrative building - mosque - workshop - weighing scales for loading Bulk scale - scale - click).


Works of scales for bathroom Bulk scale:

It included the establishment of 9 conical storage cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 45 thousand tons, in the city of Hammam, Marsa Matrouh Governorate. Administrative - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pumps room - electric building - workshop building - spare parts building - storage building - truck scale control room - machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - fence and guard towers - storage area Storage area 1750 m2 ).


Works of scales for the morning Bulk scale:

It includes the construction of 12 metal cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 60,000 tons, including: (cranes tower - main tunnels - delivery point - truck scale - scales for loading Bulk scale - scales for dust Bulk scale - administrative building - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pump room - Electricity building - Workshop building - Spare parts building - Storage building - Truck scale control room - Machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - Fence and guard towers).


Stages of project implementation


The first stage


A presidential decree was issued to establish 50 metal Bulk scale inside Egypt, to be implemented in several stages, each with a capacity of 30,000 tons, to store local wheat. Through contacting the donors by providing soft loans to finance the foreign component of these projects and at appropriate times to comply with the implementation timetables, where framework agreements were signed with both the Danish Aid Authority (Al-Dunida) - the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund to finance the first phase of the national project for Bulk scale.

 

Precedence for the Arab Contractors


The Arab Contractors Company took the lead in establishing scales for metal Bulk scale for the account of the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. wheat in Egypt.


Implementation of 15 Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. Damanhour in Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya and Mafalsa in Aswan, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. It follows the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.


Storage capacity of 90 thousand tons


As for the Saudi loan projects, which were funded by the OPEC loan and the Saudi Bank, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90 thousand tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, and the Arab silo Al-Aleqat in Qalyubia has a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, Fayed silo in Ismailia has a storage capacity of 30,000 tons, Sidi Ghazi silo in Kafr El-Sheikh has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and San Al-Hajar silo in Sharkia has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


The latest storage systems


It is noteworthy that each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction system It is separated from the air by a filter and stored in special warehouses in order to preserve the environment.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
Features of launching the second phase of the project
- Receiving 5.5 million tons in the new season, and increasing the storage capacity to 10 million tons in five years. The private sector receives one million tons this season.
- Scales for central Bulk scale in the ports, with a capacity of 12 million tons of imported wheat.. and defining the desert hinterland areas for the governorates within the second phase of the project to cover the new areas.
- The government is studying generalizing the experience of scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by a private project, with a national program to increase the storage period of Bulk scale to 6 months instead of 4.
- President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi witnessed, on April 21, 2022, the inauguration of weighing scales for wheat storage Bulk scale in a number of governorates, via video conference technology, during the start of the wheat harvest season in Toshka, south of the valley.
Egypt has become ready to receive the wheat crop inside storage places equipped with the latest international technologies, after the Egyptian government recently implemented the first phase of the national project to store scales for wheat Bulk scale, which was previously launched to advance the grain storage system, and protect our production from the risks of damage and loss that it was exposed to during In recent years, in light of the increase in the expansion of national agricultural projects during the recent period, especially those cultivated with the wheat crop, especially in the regions of Toshka, El-Dabaa, East El-Owainat, and the governorates of Upper Egypt.
The first phase of the National Scales Project for Bulk scale, which includes approximately 74 upgraded Bulk scale, contributed to doubling the capacity for storing wheat to nearly 4 million tons annually, especially since the storage capacity of this important strategic crop did not exceed 1.5 million tons within a traditional and shaun system. Trabeya lacks the most basic food safety standards for wheat grains, and increases the amount of wheat lost every season, which of course places additional burdens on the state.
The political leadership has already begun to adopt a national program to change the wheat marketing and circulation system. It began expanding in national agricultural projects in a number of regions, and adopting a national project for grain storage. The first phase of it has recently been completed, which consists of 74 Bulk scale in approximately 17 governorates, which were equipped on At the highest level, the most productive areas for the wheat crop were chosen to provide suitable places for the crop, including Fayoum, New Valley, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Minya, Sharqia, Beni Suef, and East Owainat, given that they are central places that can cover the largest area cultivated with the local wheat crop, in addition to the state’s establishment of a number of scales for central Bulk scale. In the ports, with a capacity of 7 million to 12 million tons of wheat, allocated for consignments that are imported from abroad, and operates with a global purification, treatment and examination system, to ensure the safety of imported grains and protect the Egyptian consumer, especially since wheat is a major product that enters the baking industry, the main element of the Egyptian citizen. .
- There is a group of Bulk scale affiliated with the private sector that entered the system of scales for government Bulk scale that were equipped to receive quantities of wheat in 2022, especially since the projects of Bulk scale implemented by the Egyptian state took into account the central regions that are characterized by an increase in the volume of cultivated areas of wheat at the level of the governorates of the Republic.
- The system for developing Bulk scale in Egypt includes the development and construction of approximately 74 Bulk scale with the highest international standards, the area of each silo is 30,000 square meters. The 9 million tons, at a time when the absorptive capacity of the Bulk scale that existed before the national project did not exceed 1.2 million tons.
- There are governorates that achieve a significant increase in wheat productivity, led by Minya and Sharkia, for example. Before 2014, they did not have the ability to absorb the required quantities. For example, in Sharkia governorate there were 2 Bulk scale, and now the scale projects for Bulk scale in Sharkia have 7 Bulk scale equipped. With the latest technology, 4 other field Bulk scale scales are being constructed, bringing the total of Bulk scale scales to 11 Bulk scale, while Minya used to have 3 Bulk scale scales, and now the state has implemented nearly 6 Bulk scale scales, in addition to areas that did not have Bulk scale scales at all, on top of which is an area East of Owainat, as the national project also targets the desert hinterland areas to establish scale projects for wheat Bulk scale in light of the agricultural reclamation projects that are being carried out there and the new areas that have been cultivated.
The scales for the modern Bulk scale also succeeded in receiving large quantities of wheat from the Mostaqbal Egypt agricultural project, which achieved high productivity this season. He explained that the project plan takes into account the selection of a safe transportation system through the Railway Authority in coordination with the Ministry of Transport.
- The Egyptian government is studying the circulation of one of the special experiences regarding scales for plastic Bulk scale, which is being implemented by one of the private projects, which is the first project for scales for plastic Bulk scale that is being established in Beni Suef Governorate to store the wheat crop. Of the 3 storage lines, they were implemented according to the highest standards in force in many countries of the world, as they were imported from Australia, one of the most important leading countries in the storage sector.
- This type of scale for Bulk scale does not depend on any human intervention to prevent any contamination of the grain during its storage, and it is based on self-treatment of the grain so that it does not need insect-resistant materials with an automatic system that maintains the quality and purity of the imported and local grain at the same time, as the countries of Ukraine Russia, Argentina and Brazil are among the largest countries that have achieved a breakthrough in this field, and this type of Bulk scale reduces shipping and transportation costs from crops to storage places, and the cost of a ton of scales for plastic Bulk scale does not exceed 100 pounds, while the cost of scales for regular Bulk scale reaches 190 pounds.


The importance of the "National Project for Bulk scale" in light of the Ukrainian crisis

- The war between Russia and Ukraine 2022, and the possibility of Russia and Ukraine leaving the grain export market, sparked widespread controversy over the issue of importing wheat for Egypt, and President Sisi’s urgent directives came to the government to give farmers additional incentives to expand wheat production, in addition to the government’s plan to increase the areas cultivated with this crop. All of this supports Egypt's strategy to secure wheat production.
The Egyptian state has also taken many measures to secure the strategic reserve of the wheat crop, as the state had a forward-looking vision, especially since the strategic reserve of wheat was not sufficient for 12 days in 2017, but now the reserve of wheat has reached the needs of 103 million citizens to four months until Now, knowing that it will reach nine months after harvesting the wheat crop in June 2022, and this is due to the country’s efforts in long-term planning to provide the largest amount of strategic stocks of wheat as one of the strategic crops, as it is the main source for the bread industry, which is the basic food for the vast majority of people. The Egyptians, the idea of expanding the establishment of Bulk scale came in 2015.

This project is considered one of the national projects that the Egyptian state has given special attention to and has allocated private funding and all kinds of support for its modernization and development and the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale. Given the importance of wheat as a major food commodity and the strategic cash crop, the state has established scales for modern Bulk scale in all governorates of the Republic to store and preserve wheat on one level. Storage technology systems in working and modern system application in their management.


The National Bulk scale project is one of the state's plans to preserve food and secure its strategic stock. It included the construction of about 50 Bulk scale, with an estimated storage capacity of 1.5 million tons. distributed over 17 governorates.
The National Bulk scale project includes 50 Bulk scale for storing wheat and grain, to be implemented and established in 17 governorates, with a storage capacity of 1.5 million tons, namely: Bargash in Giza, Mit Ghamr and Sherbin in Dakahlia and Qantara east of North Sinai, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Hehya in Sharkia, Damanhour in Beheira and Sabahiya. In Alexandria, Qena, East Owainat, New Valley, Banha, Qalyubia, Beni Suef, Fayoum, Bahnasa, and Sheikh Fadl.
Egypt now includes 70 Bulk scale at the level of the governorates of the Republic, and they are designed with the latest technology and techniques in the world.
It is expected that the storage capacity in the Bulk scale will increase in 2022 and reach approximately 3.6 million tons as well, with the expansion of the establishment of scales for new Bulk scale, and the wheat stock is now sufficient for more than 4 months and with the receipt of local wheat from farmers as of mid-April each year. The strategic reserve of wheat allocated for subsidized bread production will be increased until November 2022, or the end of the year.
In the context of encouraging farmers to expand wheat cultivation, local wheat for the 2022 season has been received and stored, and the wheat supplied for the 2022 season will be optional for the General Authority for Supply Commodities, provided that the supply season starts from 4-15-2022 until 7-15 -2022, provided that the imported grains are free from insect infestations, sand and gravel, and with a cleanliness of not less than 22.5 carats.

The strategy for doing this project

The number of Bulk scale in Egypt was few, and it was not sufficient for storage, and it was stored in unsecured shrines, and the waste rate reached 15%, meaning that if the state stored 9 million tons, the waste would reach one million tons, and this equals 4.5 billion pounds at the current price. for wheat.


The storage capacity in 2014 was approximately 1.2 million tons of storage, and our monthly consumption of ration wheat was 800 thousand tons of wheat, meaning that the strategic reserve of wheat, which could be stored in the scales of Bulk scale for a period of one month and a week, and the rest of the wheat quantities were stored in Shawn, as well as developed shoun and hangers, in order to maintain the quality of Egyptian wheat.


The implementation of the project began in 2015 on an area of about 20,000 square meters per silo. Using one of the most important technologies, which is represented in placing a truck scale to weigh the wheat sacks loaded in cars, and it is operated through the control room that enables the new system to extract the required quantities of wheat without waste.


In the middle of April of each year, the wheat harvest season begins after it regained its throne and occupied the list of economic and strategic crops in the country. and achieve self-sufficiency from it.


He pointed out that the construction of 6 new silo scales is nearing completion, and work is scheduled to start in the next wheat harvest season, at a cost of 68 million pounds per silo with a capacity of 60,000 tons, while the cost of a silo that can accommodate 90,000 tons is 300 million pounds.


The storage period of wheat in Bulk scale is up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the storage period of wheat in Bulk scale up to a year, or a year and a half, and it is stored with high quality while maintaining the degree of humidity and temperature according to the automated systems used inside the silo.
  The storage capacities have now reached approximately 3.4 million tons of storage capacity, i.e. we are currently storing about 4 and a half months of storage inside the Bulk scale, and the strategic reserve of wheat has now reached 5 months in the Bulk scale, as well as storage in the scales for the Bulk scale of the mills, and what has been achieved in this The field is an objective shift in the Bulk scale, whether in Bulk scale, ports or other Bulk scale.


The total production of domestic wheat reached 9 million tons, and Egypt consumes approximately 16 million tons per year, i.e. we have reached 55% self-sufficiency in wheat, and approximately 45% is imported from abroad through the public and private sectors, approximately 7 million tons. Wheat imported from abroad.


Silo definition

A grain silo is a place for its storage, and it is more developed than a barn, which is only a temporary store for it. A silo is a building equipped to store, load, and unload grain before selling or using it. Bulk scale are usually found in farms, mills, railway stations, and ports, and grains such as barley and wheat are stored in them, as they are the most important Types of granaries in modern times.


Each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – truck scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction and separation system The air is filtered and stored in FS buffers

 


3- It needs a number of hoppers to transport, lift and unload wheat or stored materials. This number is one ground hopper, and it is in the middle of the silo and passes through the bottom of the cement base. The base of the silo is inclined to the starting point of this hopper, and another hopper to transport the wheat from the ground from a cement pool. The grain is also unloaded into it, then another hopper is taken from it to raise the grain to the top of the silo to empty it inside the silo, and it is at the highest point inside the silo, and another hopper is in front of the silo and in the same pond, in order to load the wheat or the stored materials after unloading them directly from the silo to the openings ventilation.


its uses

1- It works to store the product inside it.
2- Equipped with an air crystal and suctions to remove moisture so that fungus does not grow in it, which leads to rotting of raw materials.
3- Equipped with sensors to monitor the raw materials and also know the storage capacity.
4- The Bulk scale are hermetically sealed.
5- There are different production capacities starting from 30 tons.


  Automation of Bulk scale

Most projects and institutions are moving towards digital transformation, with its great importance in changing transactions, saving wasted time, the amount of lost and damaged, and the governance of its system. The same thing is now possible in the scales of Egyptian Bulk scale.
The digital transformation and the system of mechanization of Bulk scale will have a vital role in governing the wheat system and controlling its rhythm, and it will clearly determine the volume of incoming, outgoing and outgoing without the intervention of the human element subject to error, which makes the existing information in the future more accurate and compact.
The digital system, to be implemented, will include the entire storage process, starting from entering the cars loaded with wheat until the completion of the unloading process, through sorting and weighing, with follow-up from those in charge of the electronic control room from the holding company’s headquarters.


Tamper prevention

Work is in full swing towards the digital transformation that the company is implementing in about 22 Bulk scale, revealing that the next season will witness the transformation of 72 Bulk scale of the digital system, which will control and control the supply and storage process in a way that will not allow any manipulation or waste in the near future.
Egypt is a leader in storing grain and protecting it from spoilage in ways that were not known to the world for nearly 7,000 years. Rather, it came to the way the scales work for the Bulk scale themselves with great care, enabling them to protect the grain from moisture and spoilage factors. It was even called the "Grand Shelter of the World".
The Bulk scale were built with domes of clay, and the ancient Egyptians established the smallest shoun in each city to provide the required grain within its scope. Storage places for grain were also found in the temples, and Egypt enjoyed a great position as the basket of the world’s grain that everyone intended for.


The national scale project for grain Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. In Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya, and Mafalaseh in Aswan. It is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.
Within the framework of the Saudi loan projects, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45,000 tons, the Arab Al-Aleqat silo in Qalyubia with a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, and the Fayed silo in Ismailia with a storage capacity Storage of 30,000 tons, the silo of Sidi Ghazi in Kafr El-Sheikh, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and the silo of San Al-Hajar in Sharkia, a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


Burj Al Arab silo works:

  It included design, construction, civil works, manufacturing, supply, installation, start-up trials, spare parts and start-up for a number of Mawazine complex for complete metal Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons in a turnkey system. The project consists of (18 Bulk scale - two security rooms - a water tank - a pump room - an electric room - a store - Spare parts building - administrative building - mosque - workshop - weighing scales for loading Bulk scale - scale - click).


Works of scales for bathroom Bulk scale:

It included the establishment of 9 conical storage cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 45 thousand tons, in the city of Hammam, Marsa Matrouh Governorate. Administrative - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pumps room - electric building - workshop building - spare parts building - storage building - truck scale control room - machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - fence and guard towers - storage area Storage area 1750 m2 ).


Works of scales for the morning Bulk scale:

It includes the construction of 12 metal cells for grain storage with a total capacity of 60,000 tons, including: (cranes tower - main tunnels - delivery point - truck scale - scales for loading Bulk scale - scales for dust Bulk scale - administrative building - mosque - washing room - fire tank - pump room - Electricity building - Workshop building - Spare parts building - Storage building - Truck scale control room - Machine tower control room - 2 security rooms - Fence and guard towers).


Stages of project implementation


The first stage


A presidential decree was issued to establish 50 metal Bulk scale inside Egypt, to be implemented in several stages, each with a capacity of 30,000 tons, to store local wheat. Through contacting the donors by providing soft loans to finance the foreign component of these projects and at appropriate times to comply with the implementation timetables, where framework agreements were signed with both the Danish Aid Authority (Al-Dunida) - the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund to finance the first phase of the national project for Bulk scale.

 

Precedence for the Arab Contractors


The Arab Contractors Company took the lead in establishing scales for metal Bulk scale for the account of the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. wheat in Egypt.


Implementation of 15 Bulk scale

The Arab Contractors Company, under the supervision of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, has implemented 15 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, as part of the first phase works, which includes 25 Bulk scale for storing grain (wheat) from the grant provided by the United Arab Emirates as a gift to Egypt. Damanhour in Beheira, Haya in Sharkia, Bargash in Giza, Qantara east of North Sinai, Mit Ghamr in Dakahlia, Sheikh Fadl in Minya, Tanta in Gharbia, Menouf in Menoufia, Bahnsa in Minya and Mafalsa in Aswan, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage affiliated to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. It follows the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.


Storage capacity of 90 thousand tons


As for the Saudi loan projects, which were funded by the OPEC loan and the Saudi Bank, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented the Burj Al Arab silo in Alexandria with a storage capacity of 90 thousand tons, the Hammam silo in Marsa Matrouh with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, the Kharga silo in the New Valley with a storage capacity of 45 thousand tons, and the Arab silo Al-Aleqat in Qalyubia has a storage capacity of 90,000 tons, Fayed silo in Ismailia has a storage capacity of 30,000 tons, Sidi Ghazi silo in Kafr El-Sheikh has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons, and San Al-Hajar silo in Sharkia has a storage capacity of 60,000 tons.


The latest storage systems


It is noteworthy that each silo consists of 12 Bulk scale (storage units), each with a capacity of 5,000 tons, and includes: a grain receiving unit – conveyor belts for conveying wheat through the various silo units – wheat purification equipment – wheat sifting equipment – scales and scales for measuring wheat rates – a dust extraction system It is separated from the air by a filter and stored in special warehouses in order to preserve the environment.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international companies can store their grains in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world, which will record the return of Egypt as a grain basket to the whole world.
The Mawazine project for grain storage east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind to be established in the region and near the development projects of the Suez Canal region axis, and it includes 12 Bulk scale with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. 20 thousand meters, and its cost is about 112 million pounds, and it contributes to supporting the economy by reducing the need to import grain in hard currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in determining more competitive prices for importing wheat. A study is underway to establish logistical areas for the Holding Company for Bulk scale and Storage in the Suez Canal area, to establish its own transportation company, and to work on using river transport to reduce costs, in addition to establishing projects related to grain and wheat activities.


Project goals


- The national project for Bulk scale, which is being implemented during the era of President El-Sisi, aims to eliminate the quantitative and qualitative losses of grain resulting from storing them in open barns, which amounts to 15%, which incurs large losses to the state.
- The modern, advanced grain works to preserve, store and classify the wheat so that there will be no grain of wheat in the open and that these grains will purify, purify and store the wheat.
- The scales for the Bulk scale manage the stock well and reduce waste from it, and will lead to the classification of Egyptian wheat into grades and the issuance of a certificate of origin for it to grow the finest.
- The scales of modern and advanced Bulk scale work to maintain a safe strategic stock of wheat, in order to achieve real food security within the country.
- Presence in the targeted areas to increase the quantities of wheat production, which works to reduce the cost of transportation for farmers.
Contribute to providing many job opportunities for young people. It is equipped with modern technology and a control panel to control the system from the headquarters of the Holding Company for Bulk scale Scales.
The project increased the storage capacity of wheat to 3.4 million tons, instead of 1.6 million tons before 2011.
Storing wheat in Bulk scale maintains Egyptian national security, as wheat is considered one of the countries' strategic commodities.
- The project provides the Egyptian state with approximately 2.5 billion pounds annually, by saving the waste of wheat that was occurring in the "earth shoun". The project is considered a distinguished civilizational shift in the activity of storing grains, especially wheat, and guarantees the validity of the wheat needed for the production of baladi bread supported by specifications and quality. high.
Bulk scale and ports.. Large storage capacities
The state has made new expansions in Bulk scale and ports to reach its capacity from 7 million tons to 12 million tons annually. The most prominent of these Bulk scale are:


Damietta silo..the largest silo in Egypt's ports

The new Damietta silo is the largest silo in the ports of Egypt and the Middle East. Work began on it after its development in March 2018, with a capacity of 70,000 tons and linking it to the old silo, which accommodates 120,000 tons in the session. It receives giant boats from all countries of the world and is unloaded with the latest equipment. It has the ability to unload two boats at the same time, which allows for rapid redistribution of them across the country by rail. River transport also participates in delivering loads with the least loss. Damietta achieved the largest unloading between ports, and received its new silo. More than 400 thousand tons during the trials, which contributed to the speedy completion of unloading from ships before the specified dates.
This giant, ISO-certified silo was built in the field of maintenance and operation of equipment from reinforced concrete to develop the field and correct storage, which is an achievement to reduce waste and speed of unloading and to ensure time gain. About 30 boats enter the port of Damietta annually, with an average tonnage of 63 thousand tons. Emptying it after the new addition of the storage capacity, without a significant loss, while the loss in traditional storage was about 20%.


  Study linking Al-Amriyah with Safaga port

  The Alexandria silo is considered the second largest silo scale. It was established in the port of Amriya with a capacity of 60,000 tons. It can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking it to the port of Safaga is being studied. The quantity transported by trains during 2018 reached 321,000 tons. Efforts are also being made to operate river transport in The next winter block is to operate at full capacity, and Bulk scale at the ports of Port Said and Safaga will enter the field of work soon after the completion of their development works, to reduce loads on the roads.


The first project of its kind
The importance of the Egyptian market and the geographical location and climate of Egypt helped convince investors of the Mawazine City project for Bulk scale and grains, where all international compan